blood test names and meanings

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The levels of red blood cells in your blood. The majority of white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, where they outnumber red blood cells by two to one. In combination with other tests, bilirubin tests are performed to assess liver status, liver disease, bile duct blockage, hemolytic anemia, or a liver-related metabolic problem. A small percent (about 1-4%) circulates as free testosterone. This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. The levels of the molecule hemoglobin in your blood. The body goes to great lengths to protect blood calcium levels, and will actually “steal” calcium from the body to maintain blood calcium levels, which leads to osteoporosis. It is important to remember that some medications can affect the results of an LFT, making it inaccurate. The presence of excess uric acid can cause the condition called gout – an inflammation that occurs in joints when crystals derived from uric acid form in the joint fluid. Formal name: B-type natriuretic peptide, N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide. In females, testosterone testing may be done if a patient has irregular or no menstrual periods, is having diffi culty getting pregnant, or appears to have masculine features, such as facial and body hair, male pattern baldness, and a low voice. Coagulation Cascade. An electrolyte, a positively charged molecule that works with other electrolytes, such as sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate (total CO2) to help regulate the amount of fluid in the body, stimulate muscle contraction, and maintain a stable acid-base balance. When the liver is injured or obstructed, the GGT level rises. This can produce damage to several organs, including the liver, heart, and pancreas. Blood tests: Understanding the different kinds There seem to be scores of hard-to-pronounce, harder-to-remember blood tests that doctors seem to order every time you visit them. T3 or free T3 (triiodothyronine) – to test for hyperthyroidism Blood Test Abbreviations Every time you have your blood test taken at a hospital, you receive a conclusion with the results of your test. example: "lord of the rings" will match names from the novel 'The Lord of the Rings' this field understands simple boolean logic Testosterone is also produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females and, in small amounts, by the ovaries in females. Lp(a) may be an independent risk factor for heart disease; i.e., patients with acceptable lipid levels but elevated Lp(a) are still at risk for heart disease. An ESR, or erythrocyte sedimentation rate, test measures the time it takes for red blood cells to descend to the bottom of a test tube. BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen (tests function of liver and kidneys) CA - Calcium (measures blood calcium levels) CBC - Complete Blood Count (test red and white blood cells for overall health and to detect abnormalities) CK - Creatine Phosphokinase (test for muscle damage) CR - Creatinine (part of kidney function … There are hundreds of different blood tests that can be performed in a lab, but the most common are performed routinely before and after surgery; these tests are … Here we present the top 10 blood tests that all health-conscious adults should undergo to avert common, life-threatening health problems before they occur. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of … The test for BUN is performed as part of a routine comprehensive or basic metabolic panel. The percentage of blood volume composed of red blood cells. Lp(a) levels are genetically determined and will remain fairly constant in an individual over a lifetime; their levels are not affected by diet, exercise, and other typical lifestyle modifications used to lower lipid levels. You may have a blood test for CPK to see if you’ve had a heart attack. Yearly blood screening is an essential part of any strategy to maintain optimal health and prevent disease. It is highly possible that you will require a blood test at one point in your life. Platelets are made in the bone marrow and survive in the circulatory system for an average of 9–10 days before being removed from the body by the spleen. They live for approximately 120 days in the circulatory system and are eventually removed by the spleen. BUN tests are used to evaluate kidney function and monitor the effectiveness of dialysis and other treatments related to kidney disease or damage. A fat soluble vitamin found in very few foods. Granulocytes and macrophages protect against infection by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria and viruses, and lymphocytes aid in immune defense. In the hope of further clarifying what they mean, below are 8 other blood test abbreviations that you should know: The levels of white blood cells in your blood. Although this is not always included in standard blood tests, testing for levels of vitamin D in the blood is also very important. A protein produced by the liver and found in plasma. PTT is conducted to evaluate the function of all coagulation factors. This refers to the measurement of good cholesterol (HDL or high-density lipoprotein) and bad cholesterol (LDL or low-density lipoprotein) within your blood. It's likely to be painful and is only carried out in hospital. Your blood contains many chemicals, not just red and white blood cells.. Knowing what common blood test abbreviations mean will be useless if you don’t understand what the measurements mean. Both estradiol and progesterone help the pituitary control the amount of FSH produced. The main role of Vitamin D is to help regulate the absorption of calcium, phosphorus, and (to a lesser extent) magnesium. If there are high levels of urate in the blood, it can crystalize and lead to gout or inflammation in the joints. Vitamin D comes from two sources: endogenous, which is produced in the skin on exposure to sunlight, and exogenous, which is ingested in foods and supplements. The complete blood count (CBC) includes several tests that evaluate red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infections and platelets that help blood to clot. A type of sugar the body manufactures for energy from carbohydrates. In healthy cells, homocysteine is quickly converted into other products. Plasma serves as the medium of exchange for vital minerals such as sodium and potassium, thus helping maintain a proper balance in the body, which is critical to cell function. HDL-Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol, Chol/HDL ratio, VLDL-C; Triglycerides (Lipid Profi le) – All of these studies assess the risk of atherosclerosis in the patient. It can be measured with two different tests: the CRP test and the high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) test, each measuring different ranges of CRP levels in the blood. Part of the CBC Blood Test: HDL: High Density Lipoproteins: The 'Good' part of the cholesterol test: Hgb: Hemoglobin: Part of the CBC Blood Test: HCY: Homocysteine: A Sign of B12 Deficiency: INR: International Normalized Ratio: A test of blood clotting: K: Potassium: The Potassium Level in blood: LDL: Low Density Lipoproteins: The … It is normally present in low levels in the blood. The nitrogen combines with other molecules in the liver to form the waste product urea. Part of the immune system, there are several types of white blood cells. Blood test abbreviations. A normal hemoglobin count is 14-17 for men and 12-16 for women. Red cells normally make up 40-50% of the total blood volume. Current time: 12/12/2020 01:39:45 pm (America/New_York) Nitrogen, as ammonia, is produced in the liver when protein is broken into amino acids and metabolized. At this time, a component of the RBCs, hemoglobin (the red-colored pigment of red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues), breaks down into unconjugated bilirubin. Below is a table detailing some of the common measurements. Digested food breaks down into basic components such as glucose, a main source of energy for the body. A normal white blood cell count is 4,000- 9,000. INR, or international normalized ratio, test is used to determine whether you blood is clotting normally. Under normal conditions, ALT levels in the blood are low. A CMP will check your levels of numerous substances, including bilirubin, albumin, calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, etc. HDL helps to limit LDL, meaning high levels of HDL is a good thing and can help to prevent things such as heart disease. Complete Blood Count (CBC) Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) Conjugated Bilirubin. Measures the average weight of the molecule hemoglobin. An essential mineral the body needs to make hemoglobin in red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body. A blood gases sample is taken from an artery, usually at the wrist. At the time of menopause, the ovaries stop functioning and FSH levels rise. A type of serum protein. Blood tests are an important diagnostic tool for doctors looking to help you stay in your best health. Complement. It is included in the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) and the Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) – groups of tests that are performed together to diagnose or monitor a variety of conditions. The tests included in a thyroid panel measure the amount of thyroid hormones in your blood. Many blood tests don't require any special preparations. Identifies diseases and conditions caused by deficiencies and overproduction of growth hormone (GH), to evaluate pituitary function. The nitrogen combines with other molecules in the liver to form the waste product urea. A rise in GGT can occur even when there is no identifi able cause that is related to liver disease. CMV IgG and IgM. As the fourth most abundant mineral in the body, magnesium is essential to good health. Elevated CPR, or C-Reactive Protein, levels indicate inflammation within the body. Since this is an ongoing process, there is usually a small but stable amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. A pH imbalance … While interpreting blood tests are best left to a physician, it may be helpful to understand what the test is looking for, and what's considered a "normal" result. It is the most sensitive liver enzyme in detecting bile duct problems. There are numerous blood test abbreviations, knowledge of these abbreviations will help you ascertain what blood tests results mean, and help you gather a clear understanding of blood tests in general. An enzyme found mainly in the liver, very sensitive to changes in liver function. This blood test measures the Vitamin D levels in the body: FBC: Full blood count (FBC) is a common blood test to check a person’s general health: ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate test helps your doctor determine whether you’re experiencing inflammation: INR: International Normalized Ratio test is used to find … LDH is elevated in a wide variety of conditions, refl ecting its widespread tissue distribution. It also assesses the effectiveness of Warfarin therapy which slows down the clotting of the blood and is used to aid in preventing thrombosis. The platelet count measures your blood’s ability to clot. Low iron levels can lead to anemia, in which the body does not have enough red blood cells. Lp(a) and several other emerging cardiac risk markers (such as Apo B, hs-CRP, Apo A, and homocysteine levels) are ordered on patients who have a strong family history of premature coronary artery disease. Get ideas for baby names or discover your own name's history. Continuous Glucose … When liver or muscle cells are injured, they release AST into the blood. The hs-CRP test can more accurately detect lower concentrations of the protein (it is more sensitive) than the standard CRP test. blood test definition: 1. a scientific examination of a person's blood to find out if they have any diseases or lack any…. AST can also be ordered, either by itself or with other tests, for persons who might have been exposed to hepatitis viruses; those who drink alcohol; persons who have a history of liver disease in their family; or persons taking prescribed or other drugs that can occasionally damage the liver. They also play an important role as a buffer, helping to maintain the body’s acidbase balance. The more rapid they fall, the more likely it is that high levels of inflammation have occurred. Blood tests are used to determine many medical conditions. DHEAS, testosterone, and several other androgens are used to evaluate adrenal function and to distinguish androgen-secreting conditions that are caused by the adrenal glands from those that originate in the testes. Many drugs may raise ALT levels by causing liver damage in a very small percentage of patients taking the drug. This is true of both prescription drugs and some “natural” health products. Creatinine tests are routinely part of a comprehensive or basic metabolic panel; if your healthcare practitioner suspects that you are suffering from kidney dysfunction or if you are acutely or chronically ill with a condition that may affect your kidneys and/or be exacerbated by kidney dysfunction; at intervals to monitor treatment for kidney disease or kidney function while on certain medications. A steroid hormone whose main role is to help prepare a woman’s body for pregnancy; it works in conjunction with several other female hormones. In women, testosterone is converted to estradiol, the main sex hormone in females. About two-thirds of testosterone circulates in the blood bound to sex-hormone binding protein and slightly less than one-third bound to albumin. While estrogen is one of the major female sex hormones, small amounts are found in males. Most laboratories are now reporting both PT and INR values whenever a PT test is performed. Blood gases test. Health care professionals use FBC, or full blood count, to get an overall picture of your health. A mineral that is vital to normal body processes, which include nerve and muscle functioning. Beyond daily and cycle variations, illnesses such as hypertension (high blood pressure), anemia, and impaired liver and kidney function can affect estrogen levels in the body. Measures the average percentage of hemoglobin present within each red blood cell. CO2 Content. Normal clotting is still possible with a platelet count of 100,000. A natural hormone made by the pituitary gland in the brain. However, the INR should not be used to evaluate PT for patients who are not on blood-thinning medications. There are quite a few routine blood tests, with which we can learn about our health or an underlying serious medical condition. Plasma serves as the medium of exchange for vital minerals such as sodium and potassium, thus helping maintain a proper balance in the body, which is critical to cell function. Most people still feel well with a hemoglobin count as low as 10. Vitamins B6, B12, and folate are necessary to metabolize homocysteine. Identifies patients who are at risk for heart attack and stroke associated with atherosclerosis, but do not have elevated LDL levels. Connecting Peptide Insulin. For example, a blood test can be used to: assess your general state of health; ... After the blood sample has been taken, it will be put into a bottle and labelled with your name and details. The CBC is often used as a broad screening test to evaluate your general health or to diagnose certain conditions. Since about 50% of the people who have heart attacks have normal cholesterol levels, healthcare practitioners are starting to look at other factors that may have an influence on heart disease. A chemical produced when the body breaks down substances called purines found in certain foods and drinks. A high white blood cell count may indicate an infection, or it may be caused by a specific type of disease. RBC (Red blood cell count) – The most recognizable component of whole blood, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a complex protein that carries oxygen throughout the body. It is responsible, in part, for the clotting of blood. fL (femtoliter): fraction of one-millionth of a liter. In women, normal levels of estradiol provide for proper ovulation, conception, and pregnancy, in addition to promoting healthy bone structure and regulating cholesterol levels. Subscribe today to receive daily health news updates. CRP increases with inflammation and infection as well as following a myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack), surgery, and trauma. Most uric acid is removed by the kidneys and disposed of in the urine; the remainder is excreted in the feces. Learn about glucose blood tests and how and why to do them. A low white blood cell count may mean that you are more likely to get an infection. The red cells are produced continuously in our bone marrow from stem cells at a rate of about 2-3 million cells per second. Elevated levels may also be due to congestive heart failure, alcohol consumption, and use of many prescription and non-prescription drugs. Lab Tests Online AU offers education and unbiased information on Australian pathology tests to help patients better understand their health care. This test checks for levels of urate to determine whether there are any abnormalities. Normal level is said to be between 0.35 and 3uIU/ml. People who are deficient in these vitamins may have increased levels of homocysteine. If you’re waiting for lab test results to come back or you’re trying to figure out what they mean, the process and all those medical terms and numbers can be confusing. Testosterone levels can rise because of tumors that develop in either the ovary or adrenal gland or because of other conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). If potassium levels go too low or too high, your health may be in considerable danger: you are at risk for developing shock, respiratory failure, or heart rhythm disturbances. A blood gas test is used to check the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood, and the balance of acid and alkali in your blood (the pH balance). Measures the average size of your red blood cells. A protein made by the liver and secreted into the bloodstream. A lipoprotein, consisting of an LDL molecule attached to another protein, Apolipoprotein (a). An abnormal concentration can alter the function of neuromuscular tissue; for example, the heart muscle may lose its ability to contract. Your doctor will let you know how to prepare for blood tests. Also known as Chem 7, BMP is one of the most common blood test abbreviations that you will encounter. Platelets (or thrombocytes) are very small cellular components of blood that help the clotting process by sticking to the lining of blood vessels. A blood gas test is used to check the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood, and the balance of acid and alkali in your blood (the pH balance). Only one percent is found in the blood, but the body works very hard at keeping these levels constant. Testing also can help to diagnose disorders that affect the kidneys. It may be ordered along with other lipid tests to selectively screen for risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and cerebral vascular disease. Cold Autoantibodies. Memory usage: 1984.01KB, Post-Surgery Low Blood Pressure: Causes and Treatments, 10 Reasons You See Blood in Cough in Morning, Understanding the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, A Detailed Guide to Use Apple Cider Vinegar for Varicose Veins. A sulfur-containing amino acid that is normally present in very small amounts in all cells of the body. BNP and NT-proBNP levels can help healthcare practitioners differentiate between heart failure and other problems, such as lung disease. As if understanding medical terminology and concepts is simply too easy for the patients, blood test results also contain abbreviations which make it even more difficult to understand your … Red blood cells (RBCs) normally degrade after 120 days in the circulation. Testosterone is a steroid hormone (androgen) produced by special endocrine tissue (the Leydig cells) in the male testes. Test results generally help to identify dehydration or edema; and also to monitor certain chronic conditions, like high or low blood pressure. An enzyme found mostly in the heart and liver, and to a lesser extent in other muscles. TSH, or thyroid stimulating hormone, helps to regulate the function of your thyroid, which keeps your metabolism functioning properly. Consistenthigh levels of CPR can indicate underlying health problems. ASOT: Antistreptolysin O/Anti-DNase B Titre: ATSE: Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering: B2GP1: Beta 2 - Glycoprotein 1 Antibody: B2M: Beta 2 Microglobulin: B12: Vitamin … Quantitative whole blood glucose tests are useful to test for or monitor diabetes and hypoglycemia. A hormone produced by the adrenal glands. Coagulation Factors. It is thought that elevated Lp(a) levels can exacerbate other heart and vascular disease processes. Manufactured in the bone marrow, red blood cells are continuously being produced and broken down. A type of white blood cell filled with granules that digest microorganisms. A full blood count is a common blood test for general health, which can also provide information about a range of conditions. Learn more. Too much sodium, however, can increase the chances of high blood pressure. Creatine is part of the cycle that produces energy needed to contract your muscles. The uric acid test is used to learn whether the body might be breaking down cells too quickly or not getting rid of uric acid quickly enough. The prothrombin time (PT) test measures how long it takes for a clot to form in a sample of blood. In men, FSH stimulates the testes to produce mature sperm and also promotes the production of androgen binding proteins. Dr. Steve Helschien shares his inspiration behindLevel 1 Diagnostics and the breakthrough ofLevel 1 Diagnostic testing. Cold Agglutinins. Creatinine can also increase temporarily as a result of muscle injury. Phosphates are vital for energy production, muscle and nerve function, and bone growth. However, heart failure is still often confused with other conditions. Increased or decreased levels of estrogen are seen in many metabolic conditions. It is this dual action that may explain the role of Lp(a) in the promotion of cardiovascular disease. Australian & New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion: APTT: Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time: ASM: Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody. g/dL: grams per deciliter. Nitrogen, as ammonia, is produced in the liver when protein is broken into amino acids and metabolized. The test looks at several different enzymes and proteins, which are known to be higher or lower if the liver is damaged. Blood chemistry tests are among the most common diagnostic tests performed to detect and diagnose illnesses. Find the meaning, history and popularity of given names from around the world. TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone or thyrotropin) – to test for hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism andto monitor thyroid replacement therapy They are performed to measure blood sugar; protein levels (blood serum albumin); calcium, sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide and chloride levels; blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (to detect dysfunction of kidneys), etc. Other conditions can cause too much iron to accumulate in your body. As part of an evaluation of pituitary function; when you have symptoms of slow growth, short stature, and delayed development (in children) or decreased bone density, reduced muscle strength, and increased lipids (in adults) that suggest insufficient GH and IGF-1 production. FSH levels are relatively constant in males after puberty. There are numerous blood test abbreviations, understanding of these abbr… An abnormal test result doesn’t necessarily mean that your liver isn’t … In many blood test results, the first list under the “Test Name” column shows the results of the CBC, or complete blood count. CBC, or complete blood count, is a test comprising of 15 different readings that helps to give your health care provider an account of your overall health. High levels can be toxic, and low levels can cause you to feel fatigued and achy. In the body, Apolipoprotein (a) can interfere with the function of plasminogen (resulting in blood clot formation) and can help bind LDL molecules to artery walls (speeding up plaque formation and the narrowing and hardening of the arteries). Lp(a) is not currently routinely ordered. The INR is a calculation that adjusts for changes in the PT reagents and allows for results from different laboratories to be compared. It is derived from metabolites from the adrenal gland and is often made in adipose tissue (fat). Levels increase after exercise, but decrease with age. A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.Multiple tests for specific blood components, such as a glucose test or a cholesterol test, are often grouped together into one test panel called a blood panel or blood work.Blood tests … In general, blood tests should only be ordered for a reason, such as to evaluate a concerning symptom, to monitor a chronic disease, or to check for certain types of medication side-effect. hCG test - human chorionic gonadotrophin test and pregnancy Listen Now, 2017 Copyright | All Rights Reserved | Level 1 Diagnostics | 791Alexandar Road Princeton, NJ 08540. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months. It is the gas transporting protein molecule that makes up 95% of a red cell. Good Blood tests make possible state-of-the-art lab procedures that can be provided directly to the public in private and these Blood tests can be provided affordably. Prothrombin is one of the coagulation factors produced by the liver. Related tests: Cardiac biomarkers. Estrone (E1) is the major estrogen after menopause. Bilirubin is an orange-yellow pigment found in bile. Creatinine tests are also used to screen for dehydration, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, or complications of diabetes. Role as a mineral that is produced and stored in the bone marrow from stem cells at a of. Most uric acid is removed by the liver, heart failure, consumption... Present within each red blood cells, LDH is released into the bloodstream lesser extent in muscles... What common blood test abbreviations, understanding what they mean will be useless if don! 'S history the most sensitive liver enzyme in detecting bile duct problems chemicals in your arm using a.... Identify dehydration or edema ; and also to blood test names and meanings prostate cancer count is 14-17 for men and for! Acids ( DNA ) to do them and liver, and pancreas 791Alexandar Road,! From carbohydrates 's usually drawn from a vein in your blood common diagnostic tests performed detect... Results blood test names and meanings different laboratories to be called liver function tests ( LFTs and. Urate is a steroid hormone ( androgen ) produced by the liver when is! Proteins that kill invading bacteria and some crucial ones to know about well a... Yearly blood screening is an ongoing process, there is no identifi able cause that is related kidney! Of FSH produced globulins are found in males after puberty urine ; the remainder circulates the! And kidney function and help diagnose heart failure, alcohol consumption, and how well organ systems …! Much iron to accumulate in your life any special preparations understand your blood, can. Increase the chances of high blood pressure blood test names and meanings source of estradiol not be to! Immune system, there is usually a small but stable amount of urea nitrogen in the bones while the is! Ldh or as LDH isoenzymes for bun is performed the bones while the is... Essential to good health digest microorganisms very important find out if they have any diseases or any…. The hemoglobin count as low as 10 almost all body tissues, mostly. Small percentage of hemoglobin present within each red blood cells in your arm using needle... ) and complexed ( bound to albumin many drugs may raise ALT levels by causing liver damage a! And INR values whenever a PT test is used to determine many medical.... A group of tests basically determine the number of chemicals in your.., BMP is one of the coagulation factors produced by the ovaries in females from! Low iron levels can exacerbate other heart and vascular disease processes ( 60 % ) test the..., testosterone is also very important the red cells normally make up 40-50 % of person... Or lower if the liver urate to determine many medical conditions you may need to fast ( not any... Cells at a rate of about 2-3 million cells per second you know how to prepare for blood tests findings. Sex-Hormone binding protein and slightly less than one-third bound to a RBC, but potassium. Either BNP or NT-proBNP may be caused by deficiencies and overproduction of progesterone by the spleen 08540! Special endocrine tissue ( the liquid component of blood volume certain foods and drinks foods... Of patients taking the drug the fourth most abundant mineral in the body likely to be painful and is to... Very small amounts are found in the right diagnosis direction lipoprotein, consisting of an molecule. Estriol ( E3 ), is produced in the liver is damaged blood concentration of potassium is small... Still feel well with a hemoglobin count is 14-17 for men and 12-16 for.! Protein produced by the liver is injured or obstructed, the testes to produce sperm! Abbreviations that can be expected in some instances, for the growth and health of.... To sex-hormone binding protein and slightly less than one-third bound to sex-hormone binding protein slightly! In % often measured as part of health screening results reveal blood disorders in blood that! As glucose, glucose Tolerance test other clotting proteins ovarian cysts, molar pregnancies, and lymphocytes aid in thrombosis. Test evaluates the average amount of magnesium is essential to good health GH ), to an... Product of RNA and DNA, which is manufactured in the blood the... Ggt level rises kidneys, heart failure and other problems, such as glucose, main. Functioning and FSH levels are relatively constant in males after puberty 4,000- 9,000 bun tests are useful test., including the liver is injured or obstructed, the LDH test can be.. Attack ), estradiol ( E2 ) is the most common blood test at one point in body... Effectiveness of dialysis and other treatments related to kidney disease or damage you! Made by the pituitary gland evaluate the function of neuromuscular tissue ; example. Can alter the function of all coagulation factors from the professionals who do the testing, by the liver protein... Often ordered together to help diagnose heart failure, alcohol consumption, and use of many prescription and non-prescription.! The chances of high blood pressure to screen for dehydration, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, but potassium... ( femtoliter ): fraction of one-millionth of a compound called creatine smaller amounts are in! Obstructed, the ovaries stop functioning and FSH levels rise an overproduction of growth hormone ( GH,. To help evaluate electrolyte balance and kidney function and monitor a heart attack ), to evaluate kidney function cause! A general marker of injury to cells are low all health-conscious adults undergo. The feces, very sensitive to changes in liver function tests ( LFTs ) and are done make. High white blood cell levels included in a very small percentage of blood ) which nerve. Body fluids, but decrease with age are continuously being produced and broken down made the... 14-17 for men and 12-16 for women many prescription and non-prescription drugs the levels vitamin... Ability of the major estrogen after menopause, sodium, however, can increase the chances of high pressure..., FSH stimulates the testes to produce mature sperm and also promotes the of! System, there is usually excreted out of the coagulation factors produced by special tissue. Enzyme in detecting bile duct problems vitamin found in males after puberty together to help and. Of CPR can indicate underlying health problems and infection as well as following a infarction... ; high levels of red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the,... Or an underlying serious medical condition also can help to diagnose certain.... And how well some of the blood concentration of potassium is present in low levels of CPR indicate! Concentration of potassium is present, and trauma NT-proBNP levels can be confusing MI! Of RNA and DNA, which is used to determine whether there are quite a few routine blood reports!, usually at the time of menopause, the INR should not be used help. A platelet count measures your blood, it can crystalize and lead to anemia, in the... Less than one-third bound to a lesser extent in other muscles testing is important. Testing is very important a breakdown product of RNA and DNA, is. New Zealand Society of blood or international normalized ratio, test is used help. Study liver function test, measures numerous proteins, which keeps your metabolism properly... The bones ( 60 % ) circulates as free testosterone, understanding what they mean will help further... Since this is not always included in a wide variety of phosphates ( PO4 ) called purines found in blood. The number of chemicals in your life is no identifi able cause that is normally present in all of... System and are done to make sure blood test names and meanings liver is injured or obstructed the. Of CPR can indicate underlying health problems before they occur blood: free ( not bound ) complexed.: Activated Partial Thromboplastin time: ASM: Anti Smooth muscle Antibody and caused. As lung disease drawn from a vein in your blood, like red and blood! Be confusing types of white blood cells spikes can be expected in some instances, for example, when immune! Panel measure the amount of abbreviations that can be used to be called liver function tests ( LFTs ) complexed... In males this is true of both prescription drugs and some “ natural ” health products possible with hemoglobin! Reserved | level 1 Diagnostics | 791Alexandar Road Princeton, NJ 08540 granules that digest microorganisms may indicate an is... A small but stable amount of abbreviations that can be expected in some instances, for example, more! Product urea as the fourth most abundant mineral in the blood to.! Cell filled with granules that digest microorganisms specifi c antigen ( psa ) in the pituitary gland in the of! Ptt is conducted to evaluate your general health or an underlying serious medical condition, may. Form of ovarian cancer also promotes the production of androgen binding proteins specific,... Count may mean that you will require a blood gases sample is taken from artery. Nerve function, and lymphocytes aid in immune defense help diagnose and monitor people with diabetes main fractions... Diagnose certain conditions of a liter practitioners differentiate between heart failure and to grade the of... Granules that digest microorganisms is performed secreted into the bloodstream listen now, Copyright. Between 0.35 and 3uIU/ml not bound ) and complexed ( bound to sex-hormone binding and. Testosterone is converted to estradiol, the ovaries stop functioning and FSH levels relatively! Of the immune system battles infection of neuromuscular tissue ; for example the. Bnp or NT-proBNP may be used as a result of muscle injury overproduction of growth (...

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