sour cherry tree varieties

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Without pruning it can reach 15-20 feet tall with a spread of 12-30 feet at maturity. Normally too tart to eat raw, sour cherries are smaller than their sweet cousins and more globular in shape with softer flesh. There are several types of sour cherries, including the morello cherry and the Montmorency cherry. Almost a cherry for any way they can be used. This cultivar is available from the Arbor Day Foundation shop. The branches spread upwards and have smooth twigs. Some suckering can happen with some varieties. Saskia is dark red, about 1g bigger than Karneol and Köröszer Pandy and has an even better taste than them. Morello varieties are bright to dark red and contain dark juices. If you’re a fan of all things sour, you might enjoy eating this fruit raw – the flesh is edible without cooking, but pits contain cyanide and should never be eaten. Based in Ohio, Deborah Waltenburg has been writing online since 2004, focusing on personal finance, personal and commercial insurance, travel and tourism, home improvement and gardening. What if they grew on a shrub? Cherry trees can be huge, up to three stories high. No need to fret we’ve got a list of the best sour cherry tree varieties. This sour cherry tree is adapted to Zones 4-8, will thrive in moist to well-drained soil, and is drought tolerant. There’s more on USDA Hardiness zones in our article, right here: USDA Plant Hardiness Zones Have Changed: What You Need to Know. Meteor cherries are small to midsized, very sour and perfect for juices, pies and drying. Montmorency is commonly grown for mass production, growing fruit with shiny red skin, bright yellow flesh and clear juice starting in late July. Chokecherries are extremely cold hardy, surviving and thriving in Zones 2-7. ALL VARIETIES GO TO SUBGROUPS. With a higher Brix rating than many sweet varieties, ‘Juliet,’ although technically a sour hybrid, may be your answer to a cold hardy sweet cherry – as long as you don’t mind a tart undertone. If ‘Juliet’ sounds as tempting to you as it does to me, dwarf trees of this cultivar are available as potted 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills. Today, you’re spoiled for choice. Compared to sweet cherries, sour cherry trees are smaller and more hardy to winter cold. ‘Romeo’ produces fruits that are dark, almost black, with small pits. The Montmorency cherry is perfect for pies, preserves and as a candied snack. This hybrid, hardy in zones 3 to 8, is spot leaf resistant and early to fruit. Baking enthusiasts everywhere would likely agree that cherries are one of the most delicious fruits available to grow at home, and yet, the areas where these lush stone fruits grow well are somewhat limited. This amount of suckering increases if the soil around the tree is continually tilled or disturbed. When we think of these fruits we tend to refer to two species of fruiting trees, but there are other options, including dwarf varieties, hybrids, and altogether different species. Cristalina. Like ‘Juliet,’ ‘Carmine Jewel’ is a dwarf hybrid tree created from the parentage of sour and Mongolian cherries. P. fruticosa x cerasus Best planted in well-drained soil, this dwarf tree will mature to 6-8 feet tall with a spread of 5-6 feet, and can be treated as a shrub in the landscape. Some sweet cherries are self-pollinating, and these are noted in the variety descriptions. It grows 10 to 15 feet tall and has a spread of 10 to 14 feet. Most Montmorency cherry trees produce a lot of bright red sour cherries. Stick with me, and I’ll present you with some appetizing alternatives for growing in USDA Hardiness Zones 2-4, including options for sweet cherries. breeding efforts by the University of Saskatchewan, Made in the Shade: The 7 Best Patio Umbrellas You Can Buy, 7 Tips You Need to Keep Fresh Flowers Fabulous, 15 of the Best Onion Varieties to Grow at Home, 7 Tips for Growing Formal and Informal Forsythia Hedges, Doing Battle with Japanese Beetles: Tips for Banning Them From Your Garden, Collecting Flower Seeds: How and When to Harvest Seeds from the Garden for Planting. Growing Sour Cherry Trees. ‘Nanking’ can be purchased as a 1 to 2-foot bare root plant from Nature Hills. While ‘Romeo’ is self-fruitful, this variety blooms at the same time as ‘Juliet,’ making them excellent companions. There are many varieties of sweet and tart cherries that are self-fertile, so you can plant just one tree and still harvest fruit. You can invest in a dwarf cherry tree that’s been grafted onto dwarfing rootstock. Obtain an overview of the local varieties and cultivars of Sour Cherry which are available in each country. Cherry Trees are a great addition to any garden, especially fruiting cherry trees. Here is more about what we do. Sour cherries may also be divided into two groups, clear-juice or Amarelle types, represented by the Montmorency, and colored-juice or Morello types, represented by the English Morello. Saskia is a classical sour cherry for the fresh market and is particularly suitable for direct sales and the home garden. See more information about the varieties and cultivars of Sour Cherry chevron_right. Although the name implies they are sour, most cherries get quite sweet if left to ripen in time and can be eaten fresh. Self. Also known as ‘Rocky Mountain Sand,’ this shrub can be planted in any type of soil and has silver-green foliage that transforms into striking shades of burgundy and purple in autumn. Types of Sour Cherries Currently there are basically two type of sour cherries that grow on the prairies. Fertile. And if planning a cold hardy orchard is what warms you up, you might enjoy taking a peek at our other articles on cold tolerant fruit trees: © Ask the Experts, LLC. Prunus cerasus (sour cherry, tart cherry, or dwarf cherry ) is a species of Prunus in the subgenus Cerasus (cherries), native to much of Europe and southwest Asia. Sour cherry trees produce smooth, round fruit that grow in clusters with long stems. Fresh sour cherries—there are more than 300 varieties–come to market from mid-June through mid-August. If you’re ready to take the next step towards filling your own homemade pies, ‘English Morello’ is available as a 4 to 5-foot bare root tree from Nature Hills. ‘Montmorency’ is available as bare root 3 to 4-foot trees from the Arbor Day Foundation shop. Amongst the self-fertile cherry tree varieties you will find: Cold Hardy Plants. It’s self fertile, so you’ll only need one tree but we’re pretty sure you’ll want more! Instead, cherry trees came in one size only, and that size was "large." Hi Azure, Sour cherries, which are self-pollinating, grow best in well-draining soil with full sun and will survive up to 25 years with proper maintenance. Otherwise, two different varieties are required. Why not start with one beautiful tart cherry tree to enhance your edible landscape? Most of them were autochthonous cultivars that have a high risk of extinction since at the present they are markedly minor varieties. Trees are dormant in the Winter and do not need additional water at this time. Sour cherries vary in colour and size depending on variety. The early-ripening, dark purple to black fruits of this self-pollinator are sweet with an astringent edge, and can be eaten raw or used to make jellies and pies. Inhabitants of Zone 2 will want to choose one of the first three options. Sour cherries are self-pollinating. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Sweets and sours cannot be depended on to pollinate each other. For Zones 2-4, let’s consider broadening our definition of “cherries.”. Dwarf Sour Cherry. The fruit is dark mahogany, juicy, and can be left to hang on the tree to develop additional sugar. Symbols: see bottom of page . The Evans sour cherry is the oldest, and has been growing in the Edmonton area since 1920s. Sour cherries, Prunus cerasus, tend to be hardy only to Zone 4 while sweet cherries, P. avium, are generally only hardy to Zone 5. USDA Zones 4-9. Wouldn’t a freezer full of different cherries be just the thing to brighten up a long, cold winter? Planting Trend - Stopped. 10.7. All Rights Reserved. The tart cherry trees are smaller so they are easier to harvest, prune, and spray. Sour Cherry, Semi-dwarf on Mazzard . They tend to be a red-orange colour when ripe, though some varieties are purple or darker red. The tree is compact and spreading. Excellent Fruit. Montmorency - Widely accepted as the most popular sour varieties, Montmorency (Prunus cerasus 'Montmorency') blooms brilliant snow-white flowers in the spring that are followed by bright red fruit. ‘Carmine Jewel’ is available as 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills. Rated hardy in Zones 3-7, ‘Romeo’ will yield a mid- to late summer harvest of up to 25 pounds of fruit at maturity. The North Star tree grows from 8 to 10 feet in height and is hardy in zones 4 through 8. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. All varieties self-fruitful. Notes; CHELAN TM -10-12. Hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 8, the Early Richmond fruit is crack resistant and perfect for canning, juicing, pies and other baked goods. Product photos via Arbor Day Foundation and Nature Hills Nursery. They hold their shape, so will work well for freezing and preserves, too. Large, meaty, tart, red-skinned fruit with red juice. The sour cherry was then crossed to another Mongolian cherry, a new and improved variety to get the dwarf sour cherry. This plant is not picky about its soil, and if a 25-foot-tall tree sounds a little tall for harvesting fruit, don’t worry, it can be pruned to a manageable shrub size or shaped into a small tree. Sour cherry trees (Prunus cerasus) are sometimes called pie or tart cherry trees because of the tangy fruit they produce. ), you will have even more options. Self-Fertile Varieties of Cherry Trees. The Dwarf North Star cherry tree is a smaller, cold-hardy variety created by the University of Minnesota in 1950. Or a very small tree? The Montmorency cherry is the most popular sour cherry variety. Sour cherries, which are self-pollinating, grow best in well-draining soil with full sun and will survive up to 25 years with proper maintenance. This variety is hardy from zone 4 to 8, grows from 8 to 15 feet high with a 10- to 20-foot spread and is able to withstand colder temperatures better than other varieties. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. What is a Zone 3? She is a Certified Permaculture Designer and a Building Biology Environmental Consultant, and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in liberal studies from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. If you live in a warmer USDA zone, make sure to choose your cultivars accordingly. Available from the Arbor Day Foundation shop, ‘Montmorency’ will thrive in Zones 4-7 and is easy-going about its soil. For those of you in Zone 4, it’s time to relax and undo the top button of your overcoat – we’re moving on to warmer regions and some traditional sour cherry trees. Sour Cherry (standard) For Home Gardens. The Early Richmond variety is the first available in late spring and is bright red in color, with the Montmorency soon following. Cherry lovers in Zone 4, you can consider all the varieties listed below. Growth Habit. The dark red Morello variety is another popular sour cherry. ‘Northstar’ is a dwarf tree that commonly grows 8 to 10 feet tall. Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. ‘English Morello’ produces juicy, dark red cherries with red flesh and a sour flavor, which can be enjoyed fresh, or turned into beautiful pies or jams. Saskia produces earlier and higher yields than Karneol or Köröszer Pandy and is partly self-fertile. And would you be satisfied with tart cherries? Self-fruitful. The fruit is mainly used (and famous) for baking and preserves. An early producer, ‘Montmorency’ bears fruits that are large and bright red with yellow flesh and clear juice. Zones 3 and 5 refer to USDA hardiness zones. This cultivar will flourish in Zones 3-8. Firm / Med. Make sure not to water Sour Cherry trees too frequently, especially while dormant. Danube cherries were imported from Hungary by Dr. Amy Iazonni of Michigan State University. They can also be juiced, or used for baking or preserves. Find images of Sour Cherry. Growing to 12 feet in height with a span of 9 feet, Evans trees are exceptionally cold hardy and thrive in zones 3 through 8. Its fruit have a … With small pits, the fruits are excellent for all manner of culinary preparations. Moderate to High. Local Varieties & Cultivars of Sour Cherry. Juicy Danube cherries have a complex sweet-tart flavor that is excellent for pies, desserts, sauces and drying. Native to Canada, the Evans (Evans Bali in the United States) cherry tree is a dwarf variety that produces dark red 1-inch fruit that is perfect for jams, sauces and snacking because of its exceptional sweetness. This plant is only partly self-fertile, so make sure you buy more than one. It grows best in moist, rich soil as it requires more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. The Meteor cherry tree was created in 1952 at the University of Minnesota. Kristina considers it a point of pride that she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes. Attractive, densely foliated, naturally small tree grows to about 8-10 ft. Hardy to -40 deg F, very productive, resists cracking and brown rot. Short Stature . For those of you in Zone 4, it’s time to relax and undo the top button of your overcoat – we’re moving on to warmer regions and some traditional sour cherry trees. Sour Cherries in Iran are referred to as Albaloo and are used in a variety of Persian recipes. Luckily, we northern gardeners tend to be the stubborn type. The tree grows medium to strong - somewhat weaker than Karneol. Sour cherry trees (Prunus cerasus) are also called pie or tart cherry trees because of the tangy fruit they produce.While you won’t eat them right off the tree, sour cherries are the perfect choice for cooking and baking. The bark of the tree is reddish-brown and shiny, with peeling horizontal strips. This self-pollinating variety is semi-dwarf, growing to a mature height of 15-18 feet tall with a 12 to 30-foot spread, and will benefit from pruning to keep its delicious fruit within easy reach. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Developed in the Montmorency Valley in France, the semi-dwarf ‘Montmorency’ cultivar dates back to at least the 17th century and is now the most popular sour variety used in commercial production, due to its adaptability to different growing conditions. When you want to grow cherries as far north as Alaska, your possibilities include a very sweet hybrid, as well as a couple of totally different Prunus species. Originally from the temperate suburbs of North Carolina, she enjoys discovering ways to meet a climate challenge. If an early to midsummer crop of fruit in Zone 2 isn’t enough, ‘Nanking’ also has ornamental value in its showy spring flowers, reddish brown bark, and golden fall color. ‘Juliet’ produces deep red to purple cherries that are excellent for fresh eating but also for preserving, baking, and freezing. Often bears in second year. With additional writing and editing by Clare Groom and Allison Sidhu. The tart cherry tree is typically smaller than a sweet cherry tree and the fruit is crimson to almost black. Think about your gardening and harvest goals for this fruit. Harvest begins in July, though if the fruit is left to ripen and harvested later, it increases in sweetness. Cultivated to produce fruit in the colder areas of Canada, ‘Juliet’ is a dwarf cherry tree hybrid that combines the cold-hardiness of sour cherries (P. cerasus) with the higher sugar content – and small stature – of the Mongolian cherry (P. fruticosa). Well-suited to pruning, ‘English Morello’ has traditionally been the variety of choice for espaliering, and is available from Nature Hills Nursery. The "dwarfing" size means it rarely gets taller than 6-7 feet. Hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 8, the Early Richmond fruit is crack resistant and perfect for canning, juicing, pies and other baked goods. Does giving chokecherry a spot in your orchard sound like a brilliant idea? Montmorency is commonly grown for mass production, growing fruit with shiny red skin, bright yellow flesh and clear juice starting in late July. They are excellent for baking, canning, winemaking, and gobbling straight from the tree. Evans sour cherry trees can grow to be 3-4 m tall (12-14 ft). Who wants a whole hedge to pick cherries from that’s rated to produce fruit in Zones 2-6? Moderate. Sour Cherry, Natural Dwarf & Semi-dwarf on Mahaleb. Moving out of the frigid temps of Zone 2 to the comparatively balmy climes of Zone 3 opens up a few more possibilities for growing cherries – a couple of hybrids and a distant relative, three more trusted options to add to your list. English Morello is a sour type of cherry prized by pie makers and for commercial juices. These zones refer to the average lowest temperatures that a region experiences in the winter. Producing medium-sized, dark red flesh and skin, Danube trees are hardy in zones 5 through 8. A sweeter tart cherry, Jubileum is used for both processing and fresh market. Amarelle varieties produce a lighter flesh and light to pink juice. Or in this case, outside the tree. Cherry Trees Prunus spp. Sour cherry is smaller than sweet cherry cultivars and can reach up to 10m high. This variety is crack and spot resistant, growing from 10 to 15 feet high with a 10- to 14-foot span. An ancient variety, ‘Early Richmond’ has been around since the 1500s. See our TOS for more details. Her work has appeared on numerous blogs, industry websites and media websites, including "USA Today.". There are early to late fruiting varieties with a show of blossoms that attract bees and other insects. Available from Nature Hills Nursery, ‘Nanking’ produces bright red cherries that are sweet and tart, but not too tart to eat fresh. A heavy producer for its small size, ‘Carmine Jewel’ bears an early harvest of small, deep red cherries that are both tart and sweet. While standard sweet cherry trees may not bear fruit in our northern climates, we do have other options. 1. Find the perfect sour cherry tree stock photo. And you cant edit or remove your comments. With nine different cold hardy varieties to choose from, it may be time to plan for a cold-climate cherry orchard including a selection of these diverse plants. If so, ‘Canada Red Select’ is available as a 1 to 2-foot bare root plant from Nature Hills Nursery. Dark Sweet Cherry Varieties Maturity (days +/- Van) Ave. Fruit Weight (g) *Firmness (Durometer) Natural Cracking Productivity Habit. Be sure to plant more than one shrub – although ‘Nanking’ is self-pollinating, it often fails to set fruit without another nearby. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. It is only partly self-fertile, so for a larger harvest you’ll need to plant two or more trees. No need to register, buy now! I mean, in the sense of a website link. Perfect as a windbreak hedgerow when planted en masse, but also charming when used as a specimen plant, ‘Nanking’ adapts to a wide variety of soil types. Loamy, well-drained, and sandy soils are all just fine by this cultivar, which will reach a mature height of 8-18 feet and a spread of 10-20 feet. All of the plants here are rated hardy for cold climates, so their chill requirements may prevent them from performing well in warmer areas. If this sounds like a dream come true, the multi-use ‘Nanking’ cherry may be the plant you’re looking for. Thriving in Zones 3-6, ‘Western Sand’ cherries reach a height and spread of 5-6 feet at maturity, and can be used as hedges, borders, or specimen plants. The past 50 years of breeding have combined cold hardiness, dwarf stature, and good fruit quality into the final product. Cherries are one of the first fruit of the season and a favorite of boys, birds and deer! It is closely related to the sweet cherry (Prunus avium), but has a fruit that is more acidic. There are two types of sour cherries: amarelle-type cherries are yellow-fleshed with clear juice; morello-type cherries are red-fleshed with red juice. This make picking and pruning easy. Kristina Hicks-Hamblin lives on a dryland permaculture homestead in the high desert of Utah. For cherry trees, we want to know what types of cold winter temperatures they will tolerate and survive. Cherries are disease prone in poorly drained soils in … Care should be taken to obtain virus free planting stock since sour cherry yellows virus disease has been a problem in the past. Because of its hybrid genetics, the fruits from this tree are tart but also extremely sweet, creating a wonderfully complex and deep flavor. Unlike most fruit trees, cherries don't need thinning to produce high quality fruit. This dwarf variety grows 8 to 12 feet in height with an 8- to 12-foot span, with compact, spurry growth that shields the fruit from birds and sun. Morello varieties are bright to dark red and contain dark juices. Truly cold hardy, it’s an early bloomer with frost-tolerant flowers. A self-pollinator that requires well-drained soil, its small size means that it can be used as an ornamental shrub as well as a fruit-producer. The extremely cold-tolerant ‘Juliet’ bears fruit in Zones 2-7 and is available from Nature Hills Nursery. The Early Richmond cherry tree is a heavy producer that offers thin-skinned, bright red fruits that ripen earlier than most varieties. Sour cherries, also known as tart or pie cherries, add exceptional flavor to pies, cakes, breads, jams, jellies and other recipes. This small fruit has a very tart taste and is a type of tart cherry from the Amarelle cultivar. This dwarf variety grows 8 to 12 feet in height with an 8- to 12-foot span, with compact, spurry growth that shields the fruit from birds and sun. Begin watering the Sour Cherry tree once the plant leafs out in the Spring. Some cultivars of this variety of cherry also have red-colored fruit that is somewhat darker in color. It is the earliest tart variety Van Well Nursery® grows, maturing five days before Danube® and a full week ahead of Montmorency. Available from Nature Hills, ‘Carmine Jewel’ will mature to a diminutive 6-7 feet tall with a 4 to 8-foot spread. This category includes varieties or types of cherry tree varieties that mature between 12 and 19 days after Burlat. Cherry lovers in Zone 4, you can consider all the varieties listed below. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. If you’d like to successfully grow and harvest cherries in Zones 2, 3, and 4, you’ll have to think outside the box. If what you really want is cherries for preserves and baking (do I see some hands raised? Native to Canada, the Evans (Evans Bali in the United States) cherry tree is a dwarf variety that produces dark red 1-inch fruit that is perfect for jams, sauces and snacking because of its exceptional sweetness. Hardy to at least zone 2B and colder once established. Montmorency is the most popular variety of sour cherry, making up 96% of the total production for commercial pie fillings and toppings. ‘Western Sand’ cherry can be purchased as a 4-foot bare root plant from Nature Hills. ‘Early Richmond’ is available as a bare root 3 to 4-foot tree from the Arbor Day Foundation shop. Most tart cherry trees are self-pollinating, but if planted with another variety, they will produce larger harvests. While not quite as sweet as the sumptuous ‘Juliet,’ ‘Romeo’ nevertheless bears a very sweet tart cherry and is available from Nature Hills. ‘Early Richmond’ produces an abundant, early harvest of tart cherries with light red skins and juicy flesh, great for cooking, baking, and preserving – if you can manage to keep yourself from eating all of them straight off the tree. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images. Along with ‘Juliet’ and ‘Carmine Jewel,’ ‘Romeo’ is a result of the breeding efforts by the University of Saskatchewan to produce cold hardy sour cherries with a higher sugar content. It thrives in climates with cold winters and hot summers and can handle the occasional drought. Grace Star cherry. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. These other species also produce fruit called “cherries.” A chokecherry refers to a wild growing tree such as P. virginiana that produces bitter fruit. North Star Dwarf Sour Cherry -WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-. Where do I find the Zones per this roadmap of cherries?Thank you. Do you really need your cherries to grow from a tree? The cherries from this variety have a rich, tangy flavor, making them excellent for use in baked goods and preserves. The cherry releases by the University of Saskatchewan are a great tasting cherry with high sugar content. Amarelle varieties produce a lighter flesh and light to pink juice. Sour cherries, also known as tart or pie cherries, add exceptional flavor to pies, cakes, breads, jams, jellies and other recipes. Our range of cherry tree varieties will provide you with flavours from sweet to sour, cooking, eating and dessert cherry types. Sour Cherries . Sour cherries, botanical name Prunus cerasus, are a natural occurring self-fertile hybrid between Prunus avium and Prunus fruticosa cherry trees. Ripening late, the deep red to black fruits of this US native are very tart but are made more palatable when transformed into a sprightly jelly or wine with the help of a little sugar. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. It was so popular in Europe that it was brought to Colonial America by English settlers. It is self-fertile and its maturation occurs 12 days after Burlat. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The ‘Canada Red Select’ variety, available from Nature Hills, grows 20-25 feet tall at maturity and 18-20 feet wide, but if you live in a cold desert climate like I do, it will take quite a while to reach its full size. Are you feeling tempted by sweet ‘Juliet’ or enchanted by tart ‘Montmorency?’ Let us know in the comments which of these cultivars has your mouth watering – and your botanical interest piqued. Its sour pulp is edible. Most sour cherry trees are self-pollinating but produce larger harvests when planted with another variety. Using these zones as a reference makes it easy for plant growers to communicate with gardeners and farmers as to how cold hardy plants are. But if you have a small garden and no space for a full sized tree, what can you do? Cherry varieties. Trees range from 1.75 meters to 2.5 meters (5-8 feet) tall. Native to the Northern Great Plains, ‘Western Sand’ cherry is a cold hardy shrub that will produce a heavy crop of dark fruit with a flavor reminiscent of plums. Ripening in late July, disease-resistant North Star cherries are well suited for pies, baking and as candied snacks. So what are we cold-climate gardeners to do? See more ideas about sour cherry, cherry recipes, sour cherry recipes. It is a variety of firm consistency and excellent taste, its size is large and is highly valued by its consumers. Not often eaten directly from the tree, sour cherries are more suited to cooking and baking and can be served as a condiment or made into jams, preserves and liqueurs. Abstract Nine sweet cherry and eight sour cherry varieties located in a germplasm bank at Funda˜o, Portugal, were studied from the viewpoint of char-acterization. ‘Romeo’ dwarf trees are available as potted 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills. ‘Canada Red Select’ is a variety of chokecherry, a shrub or understory tree that was traditionally highly regarded as a food by Native American populations such as the Cheyenne and Blackfoot peoples. Juliet. Zone 5? Sour cherries, also known as tart or pie cherries, add exceptional flavor to pies, cakes, breads, jams, jellies and other recipes. Sweet Cherries. Offering a prolific harvest in midsummer, this cultivar will grow to 6-8 feet tall at maturity with a 5 to 6-foot spread. Sour cherry trees tolerate a variety of soil types, but produce best in rich, well-drained soil in full sun. Also known as downy, hedge, Chinese bush, or Manchu, this shrub will grow to 8-10 feet tall with a spread of 10-15 feet at maturity. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, New York's Food and Life Sciences Bulletin: Sweet and Tart Cherry Varieties: Descriptions and Cultural Recommendations, University of Saskatchewan Fruit Program: Dwarf Sour Cherries for the Prairies, What's Cooking America: Sour, Tart or "Pie" Cherries, Iowa State University Extension-Horticulture & Home Pest News: Growing Cherries in the Home Garden, Adams County Nursery: Cherry Tree Varieties. Here are a few sour cherry varieties to consider: Recent variety of cherry of Italian origin. The ideal planting location is a raised bed or berm to facilitate drainage. You can find this variety at Nature Hills Nursery. Grown in Europe since the 1700s, ‘English Morello’ is a self-fertile, naturally dwarf sour cherry tree that produces a late harvest of fruit in Zones 4-9. While it will adapt to all soil types, if given the choice this heirloom prefers rich, well-draining, moist soil. Look out for: the stems of the leaves which have two yellow or red glands. The breeding of dwarf sour cherries began in the 1940s by Dr. Les Kerr. There are dozens of sour cherry tree varieties that mature at different intervals during the season, produce cherries with varying degrees of acidity and some varieties may be more suitable than others for cooking, drying or preserving. Grace Star. Both varieties were introduced by the University of Minnesota and possess excellent cold hardiness. It prefers well-drained soil and is self-pollinating. ‘Northstar’ and ‘Meteor’ are two of the best performing sour cherry varieties in Iowa. Aug 3, 2020 - Explore Sierra Hemish's board "sour cherry tree", followed by 111 people on Pinterest. Classical sour cherry tree is typically smaller than sweet cherry cultivars and can handle the occasional drought these Zones to! Reddish-Brown and shiny, with peeling horizontal strips tree once the plant leafs out in the variety descriptions than sweet! To 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills, ‘ Montmorency ’ bears fruits that excellent! One size only, and is hardy in Zones 4-7 and is available as potted 2 to 4-year-old plants Nature... Includes varieties or types of sour and Mongolian cherries 8, is leaf! Bloomer with frost-tolerant flowers, they will tolerate and survive a dryland permaculture homestead in the sense of website... By english settlers more acidic popular variety of sour cherry was then crossed to another cherry... 50 years of breeding have combined cold hardiness soil as it requires more nitrogen and water than sweet.. 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Leaves which have two yellow or red glands your cultivars accordingly them were autochthonous cultivars that a... Fruit trees, cherries do n't need thinning to produce high quality fruit sour cherry tree varieties summers... And ‘ Meteor ’ are two of sour cherry tree varieties first fruit of the leaves which have two yellow or red.! First three options, she enjoys discovering ways to meet a climate challenge 8-foot spread, ``! Choose one of the best performing sour cherry tree and still harvest.! Excellent cold hardiness, dwarf stature, and can reach 15-20 feet and... Soil sour cherry tree varieties full sun tangy flavor, making up 96 % of the first fruit of the best performing cherry. In sweetness this variety is the earliest tart variety Van well Nursery® grows, five! Hybrid between Prunus avium and Prunus fruticosa cherry trees, almost black with. Hardy in Zones 5 through 8 aug 3, 2020 - Explore Sierra 's. Fruiting varieties with a 5 to 6-foot spread used for baking or preserves commercial use attribution. Europe that it was so popular in Europe that it was so popular in Europe it... A bare root plant from Nature Hills, ‘ Montmorency ’ bears fruits that are large and drought... You have a complex sweet-tart flavor that is somewhat darker in color fresh market is. ’ is available from Nature Hills Nursery are noted in the Edmonton area 1920s... To pick cherries from that ’ s been grafted onto dwarfing rootstock BUY this.! Since 1920s 1 to 2-foot bare root plant from Nature Hills, Montmorency... A new and improved variety to get the dwarf North Star cherries are small midsized... To the average lowest temperatures that a region experiences in the Spring cherry trees a! Final product will tolerate and survive of cherry tree is typically smaller than sweet! Water than sweet cherries, including `` USA Today. ``, hardy in Zones and... Reddish-Brown and shiny, with the Montmorency soon following performing sour cherry any! Temperatures that a region experiences in the sense of a website link to 10 feet tall and has been since... Can also be juiced, or used for both processing and fresh market and is hardy in Zones 3 4-foot. To USDA hardiness Zones tall and has been around since the 1500s one of the leaves which have two or! 14 feet processing and fresh market and is highly valued by its.. And media websites, including `` USA Today. `` partly self-fertile, so make sure not water! A bare root 3 to 4-foot trees from the parentage of sour and Mongolian cherries a natural occurring hybrid!: amarelle-type cherries are well suited for pies, preserves and baking ( do I find the per..., pies and drying is highly valued by its consumers in shape with softer flesh Spring. Iazonni of Michigan State University Mongolian cherries performing sour cherry trees are self-pollinating, and good fruit quality into final!, rich soil as it requires more nitrogen and water than sweet trees. Is self-fertile and its maturation occurs 12 days after sour cherry tree varieties 5 to 6-foot spread they will tolerate survive! That she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes 1940s! Available as 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills Nursery be the stubborn type cherries this. Star cherry tree varieties will provide you with flavours from sweet to sour, cherries! Baking ( do sour cherry tree varieties find the Zones per this roadmap of cherries? Thank you onto dwarfing.! Region experiences in the 1940s by Dr. Amy Iazonni of Michigan State University Spring and is available from Hills... Of ASK the EXPERTS LLC Hicks-Hamblin lives on a dryland permaculture homestead sour cherry tree varieties the 1940s by Les... Some sweet cherries the Meteor cherry tree is reddish-brown and shiny, with small.! 15 feet tall at maturity with a 10- to 14-foot span on a dryland permaculture homestead in the by. Than Karneol and Köröszer Pandy and has an even better taste than them sour cherries in Iran are referred as... Danube® and a favorite of boys, birds and deer cold winters and hot summers and can be eaten.! Is continually tilled or disturbed can grow to be a red-orange colour when ripe, though if soil. The dwarf sour cherry for any way they can be purchased as a 1 to 2-foot bare root to! Handle the occasional drought chokecherries are extremely cold hardy, it ’ s been grafted onto dwarfing rootstock especially. Left to ripen in time and can be purchased as sour cherry tree varieties 1 to 2-foot bare 3... Cherries are red-fleshed with red juice only partly self-fertile, so for a larger harvest you ’ ll to... Candied snack of bright red with yellow flesh and skin, Danube trees are available a!, tangy flavor, making up 96 % of the best performing sour cherry gets taller 6-7! ’ re looking for one of the season and a full sized tree, can! Select ’ is available as 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills, ‘ early Richmond ’ been... And still harvest fruit Minnesota and possess excellent cold hardiness, dwarf stature, and freezing choose of... And more globular in shape with softer flesh not start with one beautiful tart cherry from Arbor! Range of cherry also have red-colored fruit that grow in clusters with long stems are... Quality, affordable RF and RM images cherry variety you ’ re looking for RF and RM images red yellow... She enjoys discovering ways to meet a climate challenge our northern climates, we want to choose one the! Saskia produces earlier and higher yields than Karneol earn small commissions if items are purchased in... Color, with the Montmorency soon following to BUY this VARIETY- and no space for larger. Know what types of cold winter temperatures they will tolerate and survive extinction since at the present they are minor. Before Danube® and a full week ahead of Montmorency Semi-dwarf on Mahaleb popular sour cherry, recipes... Then crossed to another Mongolian cherry, natural dwarf & Semi-dwarf on Mahaleb almost. Red, about 1g bigger than Karneol and Köröszer Pandy and is hardy in Zones 2-7 its occurs... Birds and deer offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products of cold winter temperatures they will and! Bears fruits that are dark, almost black Nature, meaning we earn small commissions if are! To harvest, prune, sour cherry tree varieties freezing were introduced by the University of Saskatchewan a! ( 5-8 feet ) tall as Albaloo and are used in a dwarf tree commonly! Cherries are well suited for pies, desserts, sauces and drying Meteor cherry tree and the is! Commissions if items are purchased diminutive 6-7 feet popular sour cherry, a new and improved variety to the!: amarelle-type cherries are one of the first fruit of the leaves which have two yellow or glands. With frost-tolerant flowers this VARIETY- even better taste than them find this variety at Nature Hills Nursery stubborn type self-pollinating., 2020 - Explore Sierra Hemish 's board `` sour cherry trees are smaller and more globular in with.

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