mini cooper clubman wiki

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Mini Hatch, the new model made by BMW, is technically unrelated to the old car but retains the classic transverse four-cylinder, front-wheel-drive configuration and "bulldog" stance of the original. Throughout the 1970s, British Leyland continued to produce the classic 1959 "round-front" design, alongside the newer Clubman and 1275 GT models. Examples include Mini 1100 Special, Mini 1000 Special HL (only available in silver colour with black vinyl roof, black cloth upholstery seats with head restraints and walnut interior trim, for Portugal market only), Mini Rio, Mini Mayfair, Mini Park Lane, Mini Cooper RSP, Mini Flame, Mini Red Hot, Mini Jet Black, Mini Racing, Mini Thirty (30) which 3000 examples were produced, 2000 in Red and 1000 in Black and the Mini Monza. Some 2,000 cars had already been sent abroad and were displayed that day in almost 100 countries. [10][11][12][13] Its space-saving transverse engine and front-wheel drive layout – allowing 80% of the area of the car's floorpan to be used for passengers and luggage – influenced a generation of car makers. The early Morris Mini Traveller and Austin Mini Countryman cars had an internal fuel tank located on the left hand side of the rear load area. [53] The most obvious changes were larger doors with concealed hinges. regulations. A set of simple stamped steel slots served in place of a more costly chrome grille. Similar bins were provided outboard of the rear seats, also serving a dual function of bracing the single-skin body panel. "magic wand" type. The team that designed the Mini was remarkably small; in addition to Issigonis, Jack Daniels (who had worked with him on the Morris Minor), Chris Kingham (who had been with him at Alvis), two engineering students, and four draughtsmen worked on the project. [14] In 1999, the Mini was voted the second-most influential car of the 20th century, behind the Ford Model T, and ahead of the Citroën DS and Volkswagen Beetle. It was manufactured at the Longbridge plant in England located next to BMC's headquarters and at the former Morris Motors plant at Cowley near Oxford, in the Victoria Park/Zetland British Motor Corporation (Australia) factory in Sydney, Australia, and later also in Spain (Authi), Belgium, Italy (Innocenti) Chile, Malta, Portugal, South Africa, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Yugoslavia (IMV).[17]. [109] The Mini, challenged by increasingly demanding European safety and pollution standards, was planned by British Aerospace to be taken out of production in 1996, but BMW chose to invest to keep the Mini legal until the launch of a new model. The last Mini to leave the Longbridge plant did so in 2012, when a 1970s 1275GT which was used by staff to travel around the car plant was recovered from the disused tunnels under the plant. All cars had 8.4-inch (210 mm) brake discs and plastic wheel arches (Mini Special arches), but retained the same Mark IV body shell shape. Morris Mini range as follows: 850, 850 SDL, 1000 SDL, Cooper 998 and Cooper 1275 S 2-door saloons and 1000 Traveller 3-door. A small round sticker with a kangaroo logo was placed on the triangular panel between the door and the front body seam. The Morris name Mini (Mini-Minor) was first used for Austin's version by BMC in 1961 when the Austin Seven was rebranded as the Austin Mini,[34] somewhat to the surprise of the Sharp's Commercials car company (later known as Bond Cars), who had been using the name Minicar for their three-wheeled vehicles since 1949. For 2011, The Cooper S, Cooper JCW and Cooper Convertible are getting a mid-cycle facelift to bring it into line with the design language of the newly released Mini Countryman. It had a front rubber-mounted subframe with single tower bolts and the rear frame had some larger bushings introduced, all intended to improve the car's mechanical refinement and to reduce noise levels. The Mini shape had become so well known that by the 1990s, Rover Group – the heirs to BMC – were able to register its design as a trademark in its own right. [27], The production version of the Mini was demonstrated to the press in April 1959, and by August, several thousand cars had been produced ready for the first sales. Introduction of airbag on driver's side. [64] It was licensed in 1973 to Spain's Authi (Automoviles de Turismo Hispano-Ingleses), which began to produce the Authi Mini Cooper 1300. The Mini Clubman and 1275 GT were replaced in 1980 by the new hatchback Austin Metro, while production of the original "round-front" Mini design continued for another 20 years. These included the Twini, a re-engineered four-wheel-drive Moke with two engines—one at the front and another at the back; the Austin Ant, a second attempt to produce a four-wheel-drive vehicle, this time using a transfer case; and a two-seater convertible MG edition of the Mini, cancelled due to it being perceived as competition for the MG Midget. One name proposed for the almost identical Austin version was Austin Newmarket, but it was sold as the Austin Seven (sometimes written as SE7EN in early publicity material – with the '7' using the letter V rotated anticlockwise so it approximated the number 7), which recalled the popular small Austin 7 of the 1920s and 1930s. The suspension system, designed by Issigonis's friend Dr. Alex Moulton at Moulton Developments Limited, used compact rubber cones instead of conventional springs. These included models that were created to commemorate racing victories or to celebrate an anniversary of the Mini marque. O original é considerado um ícone britânico da década de 1960 tendo sido concebido pelo engenheiro inglês Sir Alec Issigonis. The 1,275 cc Cooper S models continued in production until 1971. The original Mini's last year in the top ten of Britain's top selling cars was 1981, as it came ninth and the Metro was fifth. Der Mini Clubman ist das Kombifahrzeug der Automobilmarke Mini von BMW. The car was damaged by a storage container falling on it and had been left without an engine or gearbox for around 30 years before being recovered during work to infill the tunnels. These were compact, saving on intrusion into the cabin space, and required no maintenance. Mini Cooper S Clubman. [102], In July 1965 BMC announced that following "comments by safety experts" about the Mini's external doorhandles, these would be modified on new cars so that the gap between the handle and the door panel would be effectively closed. 1988: The Mini becomes a marque in its own right, although V5 documents often show "Rover" as the marque, this is incorrect. Issigonis went to Dunlop stating that he wanted even smaller, 8 in (203 mm) wheels (even though he had already settled on 10-inch). The disqualification related to the use of a variable resistance headlamp dimming circuit in place of a dual-filament lamp. Production ended in August 1996 as the Mark VII replaced it. This resulted in a dry weight of 638 kg (1,407 lb)/642.3 kg (1,416 lb) (rubber/hydrolastic suspension) for the Elf and 618 kg (1,362 lb)/636.4 kg (1,403 lb) for the Hornet. From the Mark IV onward, many special limited-production editions of the Mini were offered. Mini Cooper Clubman (88 kW/120 hk) Mini Cooper S Clubman (128 kW/174 hk) Mini Cooper D Clubman (80 kW/109 hk) I august 2008 kom to yderligere modeller til: Mini John Cooper Works (155 kW/211 hk) Mini John Cooper Works Clubman (155 kW/211 hk) En ny basismodel fulgte i starten af 2009 med: Mini One (55 kW) (55 kW/75 hk) Full-width dashboard replaces the original shelf, internal bonnet release. Sales of the Mini Cooper were: 64,000 Mark I Coopers with 997 cc or 998 cc engines; 19,000 Mark I Cooper S with 970 cc, 1,071 cc or 1,275 cc engines; 16,000 Mark II Coopers with 998 cc engines; 6,300 Mark II Cooper S with 1,275 cc engines. [55] Mark I models were equipped with single leading shoe brakes on the front. It is a popular misconception that the difference between the Traveller and the Countryman is the wood trim. The suspension reverted from hydrolastic to rubber cones[46] as a cost-saving measure. Just like him. Within these was a series of variations, including an estate car, a pick-up truck, a van, and the Mini Moke, a jeep-like buggy. At its peak, the Mini was a strong seller in most of the countries where it was sold, with the United Kingdom inevitably receiving the highest volumes. The Mini also achieved class wins at the 1963 Armstrong 500, repeating this feat every year until 1969, and having class wins at the 1964, 1965 and 1971 Sandown 250, and Six Hour Le Mans in 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970 and 1972, as well as the 1971 Phillip Island 500K. By this time, the Mini's design had been overtaken by numerous more modern and practical vehicles. SFRJ četvorotočkaši: Šta su pravili i vozili Jugosloveni? excelente estado de tudo nada a apontar interiores sem desgaste pintura sem danos ou sinistros pneus novos revisÃo em … Once you’re behind the wheel, the new MINI Clubman opens more doors to exciting new horizons. To end Mini production in Australia, a limited-edition runout model was produced – the 1275LS. This increased the car's top speed from 71 to 77 mph (114 to 124 km/h). [46]), In 1969, the simple name Mini completely replaced the separate Austin and Morris brands. [26] The car featured a race-tuned engine, twin SU carburettors, a closer-ratio gearbox and front disc brakes, uncommon at the time in a small car. A bracing bar was fitted across the door frame to brace the single skin and this was later adapted into a large storage bin on each door. [32] Another early example from 1959 is on display at the National Motor Museum in Hampshire.[33]. Este modelo conta com a singularidade de ter seis portas (duas dão acesso à bagageira) enquanto que lateralmente tem uma porta adicional do lado direito do automóvel. Issigonis was initially reluctant to see the Mini in the role of a performance car, but after John Cooper appealed to BMC management, the two men collaborated to create the Mini Cooper. They had assessed the mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension at that time (according to an interview by Moulton with Car Magazine in the late 1990s),[citation needed] which inspired the design of the hydrolastic suspension system for the Mini and Morris/Austin 1100, to try to keep the benefits of the 2CV system (ride comfort, body levelling, keeping the roadwheel under good control and the tyres in contact with the road), but with added roll stiffness that the 2CV lacked. The engine mounting points were moved forward to take 1275-cc power units, and includes the later Horizontal Integral Float version of the SU carb, plus the single-point fuel-injected car, which came out in 1991. Both the Elf and the Hornet went through three engine versions. This location saved vehicle length, but had the disadvantage of feeding the radiator with air that had been heated by passing over the engine. The generous boot space extends to a luggage capacity of 1,250-litres, giving you even more space for your plans. 1961: Introduction of the Austin Mini Cooper and Morris Mini Cooper 2-door saloon, both with larger 997 cc 55 bhp (41 kW) engine. This gave the ADO15 a smooth ride over small bumps, but minimised roll and pitch on more uneven surfaces. Approximately 108,000 Austin Mini Countrymans and 99,000 Morris Mini Travellers were built. Competition arrived with the more modern and practical Vauxhall Chevette of 1975, but the Mini continued to sell well until its "replacement"—the Metro—arrived in 1980. B.M.C. Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 17h50min de 6 de julho de 2020. It also made the ADO15 very easy to assemble from complete knock-down kits in overseas markets with only basic industry. [22] Petrol was once again rationed in the UK, sales of large cars slumped, and the market for German bubble cars boomed, even in countries such as Britain, where imported cars were still a rarity. The Mini was still popular in Britain, but appeared increasingly outdated in the face of newer and more practical rivals. However this was the first time a UK-market 'round-nose' (i.e. The fibreglass Mini built in Chile from 1970 until 1974 was not the only fibreglass version; in the summer of 1991, a fibreglass bodied Mini again entered production, this time in Venezuela. 1961: Introduction of the Austin Seven Super and Morris Mini-Minor Super 2-door saloons. About 50,000 were made in total,[37] from 1964 to 1968 in the UK, 1966 to 1982 in Australia and 1983 to 1989 in Portugal. Early prototypes were fully unitary in construction, but the cars broke apart under the high loads from the large lever ratios used with the rubber cone suspension. The end of production in October 2000 not only signalled the end of original Mini production after 41 years, but also brought about the demise of the 1275-cc engine which had powered the Mini and numerous other BL/BMC/ARG cars for more than 35 years. 1 Synopsis 2 Statistics 3 Gallery 4 References The Clubman is the station wagon variant of the John Cooper Works hatch. The Mini is a small economy car produced by the English-based British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successors from 1959 until 2000. In 1959, BMC and Alec Issigonis won the Dewar Trophy, for the design and production of the Mini. The boot lid was hinged at the bottom so that the car could be driven with it open to increase luggage space. [70] This was essentially a Cooper S in Clubman body, equipped with the same 7.5-inch (190 mm) disc brakes, twin fuel tanks, and twin-carburettor Cooper S 1,275 cc engine. É uma subsidiária do grupo BMW desde 1994 com Rolls-Royce. Identical to the 3-door hatchback from the B-pillar forward, the Clubman features a length increased by 240 mm (9.4 in), an 80 mm (3.1 in) longer wheelbase, increased rear-seat leg room and cargo space deeper by 160 mm (6.3 in), providing an increased 260 litres (9.2 cu ft) of space – growing from a total of 680 to 920 litres (24 to 32 cu ft) with the rear seats folded. Ele te leva ao ápice da qualidade, conforto e praticidade. With five seats and six doors, the MINI Clubman allows you to pack plenty into your journey. 1 Unlock in Forza Horizon 4 2 Synopsis 3 Statistics 4 Conversions 5 Trivia 6 Gallery 6.1 Forzavista 7 References It has been made unlockable during three seasons: 50% Season Completion Bonus - Series 9 Winter Season … "1966: Future of Monte Carlo rally in doubt", Austin Seven – Mini, www.austinmemories.com, "1959–2000 BMC Mini – Classic Mini Cooper – Automobile Magazine", "Trade Mark & Copyright Attorneys in Ashby-de-la-Zouch", Mini Model Range 1959-2001- Austin, www.minipassionmini.50megs.com, "621 AOK 50th anniversary | Mini news and updates", "List of Vehicles – The National Motor Museum Trust", Austin Seven 850 1000 sales brochure – 1967 – Dutch, www.brochuremuseum.nl, "Mini–mk III (1969–2000) history, pictures", http://www.minipassionmini.50megs.com/pdf/Mini%20Special%201100%20UK%201979.pdf, https://www.automobile-catalog.com/car/1979/1705775/mini_850_city.html. Range reduced to: 850, 1000, Clubman, Cooper S and 1275 GT 2-door saloon and Clubman 3-door estate. An all steel version of both the Traveller and the Countryman without the wood trim was launched for export markets in April 1961 and for the home market in October 1962, but the woodie version remained more popular. The English-based British Motor Corporation ( BMC ) e seus sucessores, de 1959 até 2000 in 1964, Mini. Four-Speed automatic transmission available on the right side fitch plate bear evidence of this model commenced in July the... Contributed to the normal dampers was known to all as `` the Mini model produced from 2001 by and! New British consortium ; and Land Rover was sold at auction in July 1978 and concluded in October with! Had three major UK updates – the Mark II featured four-speed gearboxes ( three synchromesh gears ) rod... This space-saving design also featured rising progressive-rate springing of the original `` round-front '' design remained in until! 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