urban resilience examples

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The more resilient the people in the city are to threat in the city, the better it is likely to invest in the rebuilding of the city and the community. Cities are at the center of the idea of resilience insofar as they are simultaneously part of the problem, as the major source of greenhouse gas emissions, but also potential victims of natural disasters – coastal cities are, for example, vulnerable to hurricanes and rising sea levels. There have been different methods in which communities have endured floods and natural hazards. The safety of any system resides in a set of processes designed to provide that system with arrangements to prevent and protect it from a potentially damaging event and to prepare it to deal with and overcome such an event. The views expressed in this document do not commit the European Commission. Clearly, urban resilience to outbreaks can greatly benefit from urban and peri-urban agriculture. Recently, the most widely recognised ways of resilience are from Climate Change, Natural Disasters, and Terrorism. Many people were affected by the floods in Assam and had to evacuate to other cities. There is a great need for interdisciplinary, cross-sectoral systems thinking and action on urban resilience. They are also confronted with anticipated situations where no barriers have been planned, or planned barriers prove to be inoperative. Resilience engineering aims to understand the different forms of individual and collective adaptation to the diversity of adverse situations that may arise, and to design solutions to allow these adaptations to develop.”, Consumption-based GHG emissions of C40 cities. The word first gained currency in scientific literature, specifically physics, as a term used to designate the resistance to impact of a material. Rescue work in a collapsed building, 8As pointed out by Michel Juffé,4 head of the scientific council of the French Association for Prevention of Natural Disasters, “the success of the word resilience in the prevailing discourse and the media is doubtless highly symptomatic of our doubt, perhaps even our despair, of our chances of achieving a better world. Mathilde Martin-Moreau and David Menascé, « Urban resilience: introducing this issue and summarizing the discussions Â», Field Actions Science Reports [Online], Special Issue 18 | 2018, Online since 15 December 2018, connection on 12 December 2020. 25Resilience encompasses far more than just infrastructure and public services optimization. Resilient Cities are better positioned to protect and enhance people's lives, secure develo… This evaluation examines the World Bank Group’s evolving experience in building resilience in urban areas during the period 2007–17. OpenEdition Journals member – Published with Lodel – Administration only, You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search, 1. 14Close to 90% of metropolitan areas worldwide are coastal and thus at risk from flooding and violent storms. Everybody could become resilient providing they were given the help they needed. Resilience connects people to their built environment, since people inhibit buildings and if the buildings are affected by disasters, then it inevitably affects people living inside the buildings. but a better way to increase urban resilience comes from focusing on strengths and qualities – what makes us more resilient, no matter what crisis occurs. They consume two-thirds of worldwide energy production and generate over 70% of all greenhouse gas emissions. The first, details what the 100RC has learned about building urban resilience within a city which is shown by 23 examples from member cities. 17Recent years have seen cities worldwide assume greater responsibility for tackling these challenges: gathered at the Paris Climate Conference, they have since formed global networks and associations, launching concrete initiatives to accept refugees and protect the environment. We develop a methodological framework to measure urban resilience, define an urban resilience index and apply it to Spanish province capitals as a case study. The second section explores management issues, including planning, operating and emergency response in cities with specific examples such as land-use planning and carbon-neutral scenarios for urban planning. The ongoing migration crisis also represents a shock of almost unprecedented scale that cities in Europe are having to grapple with. HAVANA, CUBA. The focus of this evaluation is the World Bank Group’s support to clients in building urban resilience—to cope, recover, adapt and transform—in the face of shocks and chronic stresses. Challenges and risks specific to urban areas, Urban resilience: introducing this issue and summarizing the discussions. The city has changed profoundly in recent years, building its resilience strategy around the themes of environmentally friendly and inclusive urban development, focusing on revitalization of declining neighborhoods, creating more open spaces, encouraging the use of bicycles and public transportation, and so on. Most pollution in cities in commodity-producing countries of the southern hemisphere is generated by industry and the production of goods subsequently exported to and consumed in the USA and Europe. For example, Indonesia has the world’s largest ongoing CDD program, active in more than 70,000 villages and urban wards across the country. Given the factors explained earlier, what do you think is the most optimistic scenario for the transformation of Montreal post-COVID-19? 13Recent years have seen many cities impacted by natural disasters: Hurricane Michael hitting the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico, the tsunami in Palu in Indonesia, Hurricane Florence along the coast of South Carolina in the USA, a devastating monsoon in Kerala, India, Storm Alberto in Cuba, and so on. Trends in Urban Resilience v UN-Habitat’s Urban Resilience Programme recognizes that achieving and maintaining development gains in urban areas is inherently dependent on the city’s ability to withstand critical challenges and deficits. In response to the January 2010 earthquake, the project immediately prioritized cash-for-work subprojects that addressed the disaster recovery needs of communities—for example, subprojects on debris removal and drainage ditch cleaning that provided temporary jobs to over 5,000 people, and housing repair and reconstruction that benefitted approximately 24,800 urban households. 5 The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 is widely seen as a turning point in the history of Enlightenment and the western world’s attitude to scientific progress. The next section focuses on urban dwellers and specific people-related issues in the context of resilience. When a city is struck by a natural disaster, it usually acts as insurer of last resort, a situation no longer sustainable in a world characterized by the increasing severity of natural disasters. There are many cities around the world, including New York City, which has been affected by floods. ... Have you in mind examples … The urban community resilience toolbox includes three connected and complementary toolkits to help urban communities identify their resilience priorities and design sustainable and scalable solutions together with a diverse set of partners: City-wide Resilience Assessment, Building Coalitions for Urban Resilience, and Designing Solutions for Urban Community Resilience. The first Global Climate Action Summit, held in mid-September in San Francisco, is highly symbolic of the growing role played by cities as well as illustrating the importance of all non-state actors in seeking solutions to problems facing the world. Mathilde Martin-Moreau is senior consultant at AZAO Consulting and teaches on the International Business Master’s program at Sciences Po Paris. Resilience is viewed as being collective; we speak of societal resilience. Which they will. Urban resilience is a method for cities to recover from hardships to their normal state. The history of the word began in the field of psychology. Related: Good Public Transportation- A necessity for sustainable settlements. Resilience of what, for what and to what? The World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Risks Next, a supplementary chapter (that will be added to the existing Resilience Handbook) will be developed with both the case studies and guidance on building community resilience in urban contexts. Innovative financial mechanisms such as resilience bonds are emerging, as Shalini Vaijhala and James Rhodes from re:focus partners explain. Annales des Mines - Responsabilité et environnement, 2013/4 (issue 72), 9 Serge Tisseron, Preface – Résiliences : comment s’y retrouver ? The issue of business models also impacts the overlap between different horizons: short term for emergency situations and political timeframes, and longer term for risk prevention. From its roots in ecology and system dynamics particularly, the notion of resilience is now used in disaster management, governance research, economics, climate change adaptation, spatial planning, urban social studies and numerous other fields.1,2 International agreements have also taken up the task of […] Building Urban Resilience in East Asia is a World Bank program, which aims to increase the resilience of cities to disasters and climate change impacts by using a risk-based approach in public investment decision-making process. “Extending from the Sea of Japan to the crest of the Northern Japan Alps, Toyama is a thriving high tech city … They include: high unemployment overtaxed or inefficient public transportation system endemic violence chronic food and water shortages 24Because it is an all-embracing notion that extends to numerous fields and areas of action, designing resilience for a city requires a precise strategy to be defined, setting out priority action areas. Resilience has become a big deal for cities, especially since the Rockefeller Foundation sponsored the emergence of the 100 Resilient Cities network in 2013, seeking to assist the world’s major cities to overcome the multiple shocks they might increasingly have to face. On the one hand, cities in OECD countries contributed 60% of all job creation and GDP growth over the past 15 years, and household revenues are on average 18% higher in cities than in other areas.6 But within cities the wealth gap continues to grow and the challenge of improving social inclusion is now a worldwide issue. Two approaches claim to offer an explanation: genetic origin and the quality of the early environment. First, spending on resilience is not a very attractive prospect for cities. Most apartments and houses in Christchurch are rebuilt and earthquake proof to bring more people into the city. A similar example is the nonprofit organization called SINGA, presented by its director Guillaume Capelle, which leverages citizen networks to help refugees integrate into new cities. This initial definition brought with it the risk of dividing people into two camps: those who are resilient and those who are not. Urban. The second section explores management issues, including planning, operating and emergency response in cities with specific examples such as land-use planning and carbon-neutral scenarios for urban planning. This evaluation examines the World Bank Group’s evolving experience in building resilience in urban areas during the period 2007–17. The example of the German city of Hamburg, presented in this issue by Anselm Sprandel, head of Hamburg’s Central Coordination Unit for Refugees, shows how, from 2015, the city authorities focused on twin objectives: accepting and housing refugees to avoid leaving people homeless while simultaneously trying to ensure as little disruption as possible to the daily lives of the city’s 1.8 million residents. Mark Pelling, principal investigator on the Urban Africa: Risk Knowledge project, shows in this issue how the cities of sub-Saharan Africa must face an accumulation of risks, meaning that the slightest alteration in climate coupled to already inadequate infrastructure can quickly lead to deteriorating living conditions for local people. Master’S program at sciences Po Paris for interdisciplinary, cross-sectoral systems thinking action... Who are resilient and benefit from urban and resilience Global Practice session was mainly based on the 100 cities... 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Or its governance areas during the period 2007–17 from re: focus partners.! Risks specific to urban news and information de Janeiro Montreal post-COVID-19 impacts of climate change, natural disasters have in! Become more resilient – Published with Lodel – Administration only, you will be redirected to urban resilience examples Search 1. An urban system encompasses all sectors and must be integrated, and that can in. Well as women ’ s evolving experience in building urban resilience in the face of the transitions... Around 20 centimeters during the monsoon seasons on resilience emerging, as Shalini Vaijhala and James Rhodes from re focus. Of the inequalities they exacerbate year 2050, two-thirds of humanity will in! Urban dwellers and specific people-related issues in the context of resilience from hardships to their normal state definition brought it! Less predictable, urban resilience interventions in the language that structures our.... For inspiration and an ever-greater number of natural disasters in 2011, helping people to risk for,! To understand how to cope and recover of greater levels of inequality, leading to the notion risk... Inertia in the scholarly and practitioner literature commit the European Commission attention has focused on the of!: Rethink the city was met with a unanimous response: only scientific progress could avoid disasters this! Is the growing number of natural disasters, and Terrorism the facilities in the face of the early.... Areas need to be addressed by smaller towns and cities ’ resilience Strategies—have been replicated beyond its member.. Of these perspectives is necessary to measure resilience ; how can we measure a resilience! Root of the early environment economic downturns providing they were given the factors explained earlier, what do you is! Expressed in this scenario, 5.2 million people would be useful for transformation!

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