high yielding varieties of black pepper

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It get late matured, Vigorously suitable to all areas of kerala. The spikes are of medium length, curved and closely set with dark green and medium sized berries. 5. 2. The overall yield for 8 years per acre is 3000 Kg depending upon the variety … Panniyur -2 : This varieties is suited in all areas of kerala but it is shade tolerant. Average pepper yield in India is 273kg/ha, while it is 425kg/ha in Indonesia, 2,000kg/ha in Malaysia and 431kg/ha in Sri Lanka. 6. In fact, Zion Mundi can easily give a yield of 7 kg (dry) from a single vine and 7,700 kg from a hectare. The spikes are of medium length, curved and closely set with dark green and medium sized berries. 3. Please contact your local horticulture department for suitable high yielding variety for your region. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-3 and Panniyur-8 are hybrids evolved at the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur (Kerala Agricultural University). Though an annual rainfall of 250 cm is ideal for the proper growth of the crop, it can also come up well in low rainfall areas, if the pattern and distribution of rainfall are conducive. Average yield- 2.67 tons 7. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. High yielding shade tolerant variety suitable for cultivation in … var mnSrc = (isSSL ? 2. How to Grow Your Own Black Pepper Plants at Home. 80 per Kg, which is purely based on the variety of Black pepper crops which the farmer has chosen. medianet_width = "160"; In this article we also discuss below topics; Shyama: Hybrid variety Average yield – 4.88 kg/vine. Black peppercorn is black pepper dried under the sun or solar radiation to 12 % moisture content. Paattitfti: High yielding. Leaves are small, dark green, oval or circular in shape with even margin. Faint pigmentation of the growing tip. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. 2. Panniyur -3 : It is suitable for open area cultivation it perform well in open areas. Varieties of Black Pepper 1. Fresh-market peppers are produced in Pennsylvania from the first of June to the end of October. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan (South Kerala), Narayakodi (Central Kerala), Aimpiriyan (Wayanad), Neelamundi (Idukki), Kuthiravally (Kozhikode and Iduk- 2 Other important varieties are Kottanadan, Narayakodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, and Kalluvally in Kerala State and Billimalligesara, Karimalligesara, Doddigya, Mottakare and Uddagare in Karnataka State. The heat of a pepper is measured using Scoville units: The scale ranges from 0 (as in bell peppers) all the way to 3,000,000 (as in the spiciest chile in the world, the Pepper X). 3. Your email address will not be published. Indian Institute of Spice Research (IISR), Calicut has recognized this variety as a unique high yielding variety and remarked that this variety has a characteristic branching of spike, which is rare feature in black pepper. Karimunda is the most popular cultivar in Kerala. Swbtakara: Average yield – 4.94 kg green berries/vine. In high altitude areas, dadap (E. lithosperma) and silver oak (Grevillea robusta) can be successfully used as standards for pepper. 6. Bush Black Pepper. Zion Mundi: Improved Black Pepper Variety from Kerala. We don't talk much about terroir when it comes to spices, but it's worth thinking about. Freshmarket peppers usually are sold loose in bulk containers. There are two ways of drying black pepper to yield two types of black pepper: the black peppercorn and the white pepper. Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) is the most commonly used spice in the world and when paired with salt can be found on almost every household table in the United States.Black Pepper has known health benefits such as: it increases nutrient absorption, improves heart rate and blood pressure, promotes … Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Varieties of Black Pepper 1. Pournami: Released by N.R.C., Spices, 10. Swbtakara: Average yield – 4.94 kg green berries/vine. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan, Narayakkodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, Kalluvally, Malligesara and Uddagare. Black pepper cultivation income returns from 1 acre plantation. 2. Amongst the different genotypes of black pepper,Agali Pepper gives dry recovery above 46%. Shyama: Hybrid variety Average yield – 4.88 kg/vine. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. 2010. White pepper is obtained by removing the dark outer part of the pericarp, and the flavour is less pungent than that of black pepper. Zion Mundi, where ‘Zion’ represents the place where God resides and ‘Mundi’ has been taken from the name of the parent plant … 4. High yielding ten local pepper selections have been identified by the Department of Export Agriculture of Sri Lanka, considering the other characteristics such as high pungency, bold berries, continuous bearing habit and resistance to pest and diseases, etc. 9. 5. Package of Practices for Cultivation of Coriander, Package of Practices for Cultivation of Turmeric, Importance, Area and Production of Spices. Variety : Pepper Thekken. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Pepper requires a warm and humid climate. Soon, this high-yielding black pepper variety began to gather awards and accolades, starting with the Krishi Vigyan Kendra in Kannur honouring him … Several basic marketing alternatives are available to the pepper grower: wholesale markets, cooperatives, local retailers (grocery stores), roadside stands, pick-y… High yielding (650.33g/plant),early maturing, shade tolerant, green chilli variety with light green, medium pungent fruits having excellent quality. Kozhikode for high yield and nematode resistant abilities. document.write(''); Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. 3. medianet_versionId = "111299"; Recommended Varieties. Pepper cultivars recommended for Pennsylvania are listed below. Spread peppercorn on mat and remove spike, then peppercorn is winnowed, cleaned and stored in sacks. 8. Zion Mundi –Black pepper variety. Two other books are of use in raising heirloom peppers: Dave DeWitt and Paul Bosland’s The Pepper Garden (1993) and Pepper Diseases: A Field Guide (Black et al. medianet_crid = "442502545"; Land preparation 74 3. Fresh yield ranges from 8-10 kg vine. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Late in harvest. Panniyur 3: This variety yields about 1950 Kg/ha. Faint pigmentation […] Shade tolerant . All cultivars are listed in order of maturity (early to late.) Panniyur 1: This variety yields about 1240 Kg/ha. High yield and medium quality. Srifcara: High yielding. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for high yield. High yielding pepper line called “Panniyur-1” from India and “Kuchin” from Malaysia was introduced in the 1970s but MB12 and GK 49 are high yielding and superior quality local selections which are popular among black pepper cultivators. Karimunda is the most popular among them. Improved varieties of Black pepper Over 75 cultivars of black pepper are being cultivated in India. The first work is a … Thomas has sold more than 5000 grafts in Kerala itself, mainly in Idukki, Aleppy, Pathanamthitta and Wayanad districts. 9. Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) called as the king of spices, it has many health benefits. There's no shortage of places to get your black pepper from; as one of the world's most popular spices, it's grown all across the world's spice regions, from India to Indonesia to Ecuador and Brazil. The whole peppercorns, when ground, yield black pepper. 8. 25 seeds pack . Improved Commercial Varieties of Black Pepper in India:- Following are the commercial hybrid varieties of black pepper with their yields. '&https=1' : ''); 4. Spiking intensity high. It is hard to list all the varieties here. Panniyur 2: This variety yields about 2600 Kg/ha. Black Pepper. Clone already in cultivation known as Aimipiriyan. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper (cooked and dried unripe fruit), green pepper (dried unripe fruit), or white pepp… Propagation methods. Popular, bisexual cultivar. 3. by Laurelynn Martin and Byron Martin. Farm gate price of 1 Kg of Black pepper = Rs. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Popular, bisexual cultivar. These berries grow at the top of the vine, receive the most sunlight and are allowed to ripen longer, until the color reaches yellow-orange and is closer to maturity. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Dwarf Variety . Karimunda is the most popular of all the established cultivars of pepper among the growers of Kerala. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. Tellicherry is the best-known black peppercorn in the world, produced from the largest and best 10% of the berries on the vine. Clone already in cultivation known as Aimipiriyan. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), varieties 'Panniyur-1', 'Panniyur-2', 'Panniyur-5', 'Sreekara', and 'Subhakara' were graded in a hand operated rotary sieve cleaner-cum-grader. Black pepper is the dried fruit of the Black pepper plant and each fruit contains a single seed, and that seed will germinate if the fruit is planted in fertile soil that maintains the required temperature until the seed sprouts. Murukku (Erythrina indica) karayam or killingil (Garuga pinnata), Ailanthus sp., subabul (Leucaenea leucocephala) etc. 1. Accredited / Good Nurseries in the area 70-73 5. Kozhikode for high yield and nematode resistant abilities. Vellayani Thejus. Panniyur-4 : High yielding late variety, released in 1989. Ideal for city farm. Paattitfti: High yielding. are suitable standards for growing pepper. var isSSL = 'https:' == document.location.protocol; Late in harvest. 5. Average yield- 2.67 tons 7. All Rights Reserved. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Faint pigmentation of the growing tip. Zion Mundi variety of black pepper was developed by Mr. P. G. George from Idduki, Kerala in 1988-89. Average yield : 2570 (Kg/ha). 66-70 4. Planting material-source, quality and suitability 73 5.4.3.Orchard / Site planning, Lay out and management 1. Leaves are small, dark green, oval or circular in shape with even margin. Organic Turmeric Planting, Growing, Harvesting Techniques, Sugarcane Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Growing Shatavari, and Cultivation Practices, Economics, Rohu Fish Farming Project Report, Economics of Rohu, Kuroiler Chicken Breed Profile, and Characteristics, Garlic Cultivation Project Report, Crop Economics, Brahma Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics, Cubalaya Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics. medianet_height = "600"; High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. Yield Black pepper starts yielding from third year onwards. The plantation spanning over 25 acres has about 20,000 vines and the farmer gets a premium price for the produce of this particular variety due … Panniyur-4 : High yielding late variety, released in 1989. The king of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum), is the most widely used spice around the world which has a major economic value. 20 seeds pack. Quick growing with early and regular bearing. 'https:' : 'http:') + '//contextual.media.net/nmedianet.js?cid=8CUK174WD' + (isSSL ? Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. High yield and medium quality. High Yield Dwarf Variety Bush Black Pepper. Black Pepper Varieties. 1. Pournami: Released by N.R.C., Spices, 10. IISR Girimunda and IISR Malabar Excel are the two hybrids released from Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode, Kerala. © 2020 - Agriculture. However, the following some of the popular improved black pepper varieties cultivated in India; Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami and Pournami. Srifcara: High yielding. })(); Farming Systems & Sustainable Agriculture, Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops agriculture information, Fundamentals to Entomology agriculture information, Production Techniques for Biological Control Agents, Practicals on Technology of Milk & Milk Products agriculture information, Economics of Natural Resources & Farm Management agriculture information. 2. Black pepper has an economic life of 20 years and after regular bearing for about 20 years, the vines start declining in yield. 2013. Cultivar/Hybrid/Variety selected and Criterion adopted for selection 63-65 3. These selections are released for cultivation. Black pepper establishment and layout systems 74 2. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for high yield. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Seventeen improved varieties of black pepper have been released for cultivation. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for high yield. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Panniyur-6, Panniyur-7, Subhakara, Sreekara, Karimunda, Panchami, Pournami, Kottanadan, Kuthiravally, Arakulam Munda, Balankotta and Kalluvally are the commonly cultivated varieties. Quick growing with early and regular bearing. 1991). Samrudhi. 6. (function() { Black pepper vines develop three types of aerial shoots, namely (a) primary stem with long internodes, with adventitious roots which cling to the standards (b) runner shoots which originate from the base of the vine and have long internodes which strike roots at each node and (c) fruit bearing lateral branches. Pepper: the black peppercorn is winnowed, cleaned and stored in sacks Indonesia, 2,000kg/ha in and. Pepper starts yielding from third year onwards cultivar/hybrid/variety selected and Criterion adopted for selection 3... Planting material-source, quality and suitability 73 5.4.3.Orchard / Site planning, Lay out and 1... 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