vulnerability assessment in disaster management

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Disasters are caused by the interaction of vulnerability and hazards. 16th Esri India User Conference 2015 Page 1 of 9 “Vulnerability Mapping for Disaster Assessment using ArcGIS Tools and techniques for Mumbai City, India” RESHMA RASKAR-PHULE1, DEEPANKAR CHOUDHURY2 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Andheri, Mumbai 400058 2Professor, Department of Civil Engineering,Indian Institute of … By definition, disasters cannot 'be managed'. Disaster Risk Management in Support of Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change Impact in North Turkana District of Kenya By Mohammed KHALED Student # 2007094341 Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree Masters Degree in Disaster Management In the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Science 4 Approaches to Disaster Management - Examining the Implications of Hazards, Emergencies and Disasters The objective of this work is to discuss and illustrate different approaches used in vulnerability assessment for hydro-meteorological hazards (i.e. a tool in disaster management. What is a Vulnerability Assessment? Inzamul Haque Sazal sazalgeo@outlook.com 2. 233-250) In this chapter from your textbook, the author goes into some good detail on assessing and modeling risk and vulnerability using GIS, including where to get data to do your own and a few straightforward analysis steps using GIS. Vulnerability assessment is the risk management process that defines, identifies, classifies, and prioritizes vulnerabilities within computer systems, applications as well as network infrastructures. Feel free to submit questions and comments to the Disaster Management Units of the various Municipal Corporations, or email Mitigation.ODPM@gmail.com. The effects of age and disability on disaster vulnerability were clearly seen among elderly individuals trapped in nursing facilities during Hurricane Katrina. assess risk factors relevant to health emergency and disaster risk management (Health EDRM), including: 1. However, based on these a number of observations may be formulated. Moreover, it is estimated that individuals ages 65 and older represented over 70 percent of the fatalities from Hurricane Katrina. E.g. A business unit is considered vulnerable to a threat if the occurrence of the threat would prevent the business unit or operation from performing at its optimal level. The course content is focused on the basics of vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) including definitions of risk, methods for risk analysis, decision analysis, management of uncertainty, and analysis of chronic vulnerabilities as well as … It is an integral part of disaster preparedness and contributes to the creation of community-based disaster preparedness programmes at the rural and urban grass-roots level. The Task Force on Quality Control of Disaster Management (TFQCDM) has defined risk as the “objective (mathematical) or subjective (inductive) probability that something negative will occur (happen)”. GIS for Disaster Management - Chapter 8 "Geographic Information Systems and Disaster Mitigation (pp. When one hazard meets with a vulnerable community a disaster is likely to occur. This approach has three distinct but inter-related components: hazard assessment, vulnerability analysis and enhancement of management capacity and is more closely integrated with the ongoing development processes. 2. 2. Identification of hazard, vulnerability and risk are, key considerations for creating safer human settlements, through a process of disaster risk reduction. The above explanation was taken from the United Nations (UN) International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction. Accounting for people's perception and partnering with them in the process leads to deeper understanding of community vulnerability, which in turn provides better assessment of disaster risk. Vulnerability describes the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard. 2003). Lead Disaster Risk Assessment Questions Focusing on Natural Hazards and Exposure 4. In recent years, a more comprehensive approach that of disaster risk management has emerged. WHAT IS VULNERABILITY ? Risk Assessment and Management. The results show that study area (the ring II and III of Hazardous Area) consist of area with low and medium level of vulnerability. This helps the organization in conducting the assessment with the required knowledge, awareness, and risk posture for understanding the cyber threats. Read. Considering that vulnerability studies have a much longer tradition in disaster risk science and management, this development is noteworthy. Vulnerability Manager Plus, being an end to end vulnerability management solution uses a continuously updated database of vulnerability information to help you detect vulnerabilities across your global hybrid IT, assess vulnerabilities based on the risk factors discussed above and facilitates the appropriate course of action to bring closure to vulnerabilities. Vulnerability, Risk, Disaster, Hazard, Terrain, GIS Received: September 27, 2014 Revised: October 16, 2014 Accepted: October 17, 2014 Flood vulnerability assessment and disaster risk reduction in Kubwa, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria Happy Oyenje John-Nwagwu 1, Makwe Edith 2, *, Shuaib Musa Hassan 2 The course provides a solid basis for disaster risk reduction planning. • Local social vulnerability to earthquakes was assessed using an evaluation index system. This assessment is not only used in regions prone to natural disasters, but … This article considers the critical roles of risk and risk assessment in the management of health emergencies and disasters. Vulnerability assessment has many things in common with risk assessment. Risk is associated with hazard, vulnerability and capacity. These results are aimed at informing Disaster Risk Management activities, and should not be used or … The methods of vulnerability assessment presented herein are mere exemplification of the complexity and wide range of approaches that can be applied in natural hazards disaster risk management. How hazards, exposure, and vulnerability/capacity create disaster risk. – Disaster risk and vulnerability assessment depends on various factors such as appropriate theoretical concepts and quality and adequacy of information gathered. The unique challenges of defining, identifying and measuring risk in disaster research. LEARNING OUTCOMES. The results contained in this report represent the findings of the high-level Disaster Risk Assessment that was conducted for the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality during 2009/2010. A Social Vulnerability Index for Disaster Management 3 Published by Berkeley Electronic Press, 2011. condition or a measure of the resilience of population groups when confronted by disaster (Cutter et al. 3. Examples of Structural and Nonstructural Disaster Risk Management Options in ADB’s Key Sectors 6. National Risk Assessment and Capacity Building 2011-2013 Vulnerability from the perspective of disaster management means assessing the threats from potential hazards to the population and to infrastructure. Common issues of validity and quality in causal research in disasters. Vulnerability assessments provide security teams and other stakeholders with the information they need to analyze and prioritize risks for potential remediation in the proper context. It may be conducted in the political, social, economic or environmental fields. Follow the link to look up other terminologies. landslides and floods, incl. DISASTER VULNERABILITY, RISK AND CAPACITY DEFINITION, CONCEPT & RELATIONSHIP Md. 4. Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) uses various participatory tools to gauge people’s exposure to and capacity to resist natural hazards. 13 ABSTRACT: Hazard, Vulnerability, Capacity and Risk are the key words in the sphere of disaster management. The Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) is an essential part of Red Cross operations. Emergency management (EM) deals with all activities from preparedness to rehabilitation. One prevents a disaster and manages an emergency. Recovery goes from impact to reconstruction. Disaster risk management then follows as implementation of policies, processes and actions to prevent new risk, reduce Hazards can also be called 'Trigger Events'. A Disaster Occurs When Hazards and Vulnerability Meet Show and discuss. The investigation of vulnerability index referred to the Regulation of the Head of National Disaster Management Agency Number 02 Year 2012 on General Guidelines for Disaster Risk Assessment. • Rough Analytic Hierarchy Process applied to determine criteria for vulnerability assessment. Data and Methods Data The domains that form the basis of … There are many different factors that determine vulnerability. 1. There are four (4) main types of vulnerability: 1. Assessing social vulnerability to hazards is critical for disaster management. This approach has three distinct but interrelated components: hazard assessment, vulnerability analysis, and Lead Disaster Risk Assessment Questions Focusing on Community Vulnerability 5. Vulnerability assessment refers to the process of identifying risks and vulnerabilities in computer networks, systems, hardware, applications, and other parts of the IT ecosystem. emphasis shifted to using “vulnerability analysis” as a tool in disaster management. 1.12.1. In a Nutshell: A vulnerability assessment is a thorough evaluation of existing and potential threats, weaknesses and, indeed, vulnerabilities in your organization’s systems and networks. The Preliminary Vulnerability Assessments will feed into the following comprehensive national risk and capacity assessments. Vulnerability Assessment Vulnerability assessments use data gathered from the Threat Assessment phase. Disaster, as defined by the United Nations, is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society, which involve widespread human, material, economic or environmental impacts that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources [1]. With vulnerability and resilience currently being discussed on the international policy agenda, a reflection on the usage, benefits, and challenges of resilience and vulnerability is timely. IFRC’s Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) tool is applied for a case study during the field trip. Spatial Data Requirements for Disaster Risk Assessment 3. Vulnerability analysis involves locating, determining the magnitude of, and prioritizing any flaws in your cybersecurity, before those flaws are exploited by bad actors. Disaster Management 'Disaster management' is better split up in two: 'disaster prevention' and 'emergency management". In recent years, a more comprehensive approach, that of disaster risk management, has emerged. Assessments will feed into the following comprehensive national risk and Capacity assessment ( VCA ) tool is applied a... 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