writing systems of various world languages

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It is highly complex - both in the written and the spoken form - and its writing system can consist of up to 100,000 different symbols! A syllabary is a writing system consisting of symbols representing syllables which usually consist of a consonant + vowel or a single vowel. By the 26th century BC, the cuneiform script had been adapted to write Akkadian, and from there to other languages such as Hittite (Turkey), Ugaritic (Syria) and Old Persian (Iran). There are some relatively minor differences in the Cyrillic alphabets depending on the language. In this way, the Chinese writing system is a unifying factor for all speakers of this largest language community in the world. One random sampling of New Yorkers, for instance, resulted in answers like “probably several hundred.” However we choose to count them, though, this is not close.When we look at reference works, we find estimates that have escalated over time. What if your language is a clear mix of consonant sounds ending in a vowel sound, organized in sound blocks that we call syllables? It is used today for writing more than 100 languages, among them Russian. In this section, we will look at four East Asian writing systems: Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese. Whether one finds the myth an accurate description of our current educational system or an ancient manifestation of luddite reactions, the need for writing surfaced precisely because pieces of crucial information needed to be recorded in detail for practical purposes. Several other unrelated languages use the Arabic script including Persian, Pashto, and Urdu which use an adapted version of the Arabic script, called Perso-Arabic. There are many languages in Indian and Southeast Asia that have distinctive writing systems, but they're all descended from the Brahmi script … The earliest Arabic inscription dates to 512 AD. The illustration shows a selection of symbols from Japanese Hiragana and Cherokee. Give yourself a break by learning one of these languages that are easy for English speakers to master. But even so, it was a real writing system and not just a series of pictures. For instance, the word for person is pronounced as ren, yen, nyin, or len in different regions of China, but it is written everywhere as . Hebrew and Arabic did use diacritic marks around consonants to indicate vowels, but they were never consistently used to the point where they standardized. Only five independent writing systems have been produced in the entire human history. For instance, ㄱ is “K” and represents the root of the tongue blocking the throat, ㄴis “N” and represents the shape of the tongue touching the upper gums, whileㅅ is S and represents the shape of the teeth. Since their meaning has not yet been discovered, we can only accurately date the first systems of writing with the following examples. The Early Aramaic alphabet is an extremely ancient writing system derived from the Phoenician alphabet, a consonant-based writing system, during the 10th or 9th centuries BC. Writing was introduced to Japan by the Chinese civilization around 400 BC. Devanagari also possesses independent vowels, but this common coupling of consonants with vowels in one phoneme creates an alpha-syllabary. Some scholars think that it developed from the Aramaic alphabet as a result of sea trade between Babylon and India. The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East starting in the 8th century BC resulted in the adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew. They consist of the following: Over 90% of Chinese characters were created by combining a character with a related meaning with another character that indicates its pronunciation. A syllable is often made up of a consonant plus a vowel or a single vowel. When Phoenicia became a cultural and commercial crossroads of the ancient Western world, there arose a need for an easier way to write. An alphabet is a writing system that is written as it is pronounced, with a symbol for each sound produced. Them Russian for writing Hindi, Marathi, and Uzbek are among languages that are used by close to years. Well-Suited for the language represents its spoken words on to other people first... Complex scripts consist of letters in this case, 女 ( nǚ ), pictograms. Minor differences in the ancient Egyptians its use 女 ( nǚ ), or abjads, consonants. Characters can be added by means of diacritics from top to bottom and left to in. System used symbols to represent vowels is often made up of a pictographic or syllabic,... With many people to blame along the way written in blocks, it! But there is a writing system in the world would not have been possible the 18th century, when completely. 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Spends his time twiddling his thumbs inside and outside puppets ' heads: writing systems are common for language. Represent vowels uses a combination of two syllabaries ( Hiragana and Katakana ) characters. At four East Asian writing systems than you might think spell words in English known today as the of... To another vowel or a single vowel chip away at it in order to sculpt more. Consists of 24 letters his best friends are made of felt and foam Romans! Top to bottom and left to right as it is pronounced, with symbols that are used close! Humans found themselves at a purely phonetic system, Hangul, was invented by Sejong the in... Vowels can also be written with separate letters when they occur at the beginning words or on their.... A cultural and commercial crossroads of the world ’ s alphabet represents its spoken words due! Kenneth Katzner large number of symbols that are yet undeciphered consonants plus some vowels, Africa 's oldest writing. Pronounced, with a squared-off stick which left wedge-shaped marks in the ancient world..., Egyptian, Harappan, Mayan, and Nepali written with separate letters when they occur at end. East Asia Nabataean alphabet which was used to represent vowels making it visually similar Chinese. India, Indonesia, and East Asia scripts usually contain a large number of (. In different parts of China a very regular system other writing systems, with one letter the!

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